Physiological components of fitness D. Cardiovascular Endurance Cardiovascular endurance is your body's ability to keep up with exercise like running, jogging, swimming, cycling, and anything that forces your cardiovascular system lungs, heart, blood vessels to work for extended periods of time. Flexibility exercises - stretching, yoga, Tai Chi 4. Physical Fitness Physical fitness refers to the capacity of an athlete to meet the varied physical demands of their sport without reducing the athlete to a fatigued state. In this lesson, we will take a look at the five components that make up physical fitness, how we can improve them and the benefits they bring to our lives. As stated earlier some of the above tests are only testing specific body parts. Flexibility : The range of movement possible at various joints.
Muscular endurance is the ability of the muscles to perform continuous without fatiguing. Skill related components of physical fitness C. You would participate in things such as long bike rides, swimming and jogging for extended periods of time to correct this component. If you are very strong but cannot jog a mile without getting out of breath, you need to focus more on your aerobic exercise. While sitting with your legs extended in front, hinge at the hips to extend your upper body towards your feet. The way to increase strength is to train with heavy weights, working in the 4 - 6 or 12 - 15 rep ranges.
The component method is the concept that you can resolve vectors into two independent therefore perpendicular vectors say, in the x and y directions. Adequate flexibility enhances physical performance while lowering the risk of injuries. Circulation, 83 5 , p. The Cooper Run running as far as possible in 12 minutes is a test commonly used to assess cardiovascular endurance, but many trainers use the Step Test stepping onto a platform for 5 minutes. Physical fitness comprises of two related concepts: - general fitness a state of health and well-being and - specific fitness a task-oriented definition based on the ability to perform specific aspects of sports or occupations. For an average person, workout should be based on the major 5 health related fitness components.
Body composition is the amount of fat mass compared to lean muscle mass, bone and organs. This is a measure of the circulatory and respiratory systems' ability to deliver oxygen and nutrients to and eliminate waste products from cells. Usually, this means performing sets with fewer total repetitions. The skill related components fall under the category of speed, agility , co ordination. By engaging in regular exercise that challenges your heart and lungs, you can maintain or even improve the efficient delivery and uptake of oxygen to your body's systems, enhancing cellular metabolism and easing the physical challenges of everyday life.
You also need to determine how well you can handle running a mile etc. You have experienced the importance of muscle strength when you performed household tasks such as moving furniture or carrying a full trash bag out to the curb. Using hands and eyes together is called hand-eye coordination. The exercises such as stretching, yoga, Pilates and swimming would help to improve the physical flexibility. A closer look at the individual components: Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to work together to provide the needed oxygen and fuel to the body during sustained workloads.
Component 3 - Supplementation Get the nutrients your body needs and accelerated results with proper supplementation. Muscular endurance is the bridge between muscular strength and cardiovascular endurance. The word aerobic means using oxygen, so aerobic exercise is literally exercise that uses oxygen. Which of the 5 Basic Components of Fitness is the Most Important? Using either a hand-held or at-home scale, a slight electrical signal is sent through either the hands or feet. Before deciding to undergo fitness testing, make sure you know why they are being done and determine that it is safe for you to participate. The book is chock full of practical, down to earth advice. Usually when you buy a gym or other type of fitness membership you'll be asked to undergo a few different physical tests.
It shows the ability of the body to deliver oxygen and nutrients to tissues and to remove wastes. The 5 components of physical fitness that enable a person to live the way they want are: Body Composition: Body Composition relates to the ratio between the amount of lean tissue bone, muscle, organs and body fat that a person carries on his or her body. Body Composition Compare lean body mass to body fat to determine body composition. Health related fitness components B. Optimal strength and endurance help to increase muscle mass, improve posture and alignment, and reduce the risk of back problems and joint injuries.
Flexibility is the range of motion possible for each of your joints or groups of joints. Many sports rely on speed to gain advantage over your opponents. If you scored low on the muscular endurance test you fatigue early into the exercise or activities of daily living. It may sound like a lot, but that breaks down to just 15 to 30 minutes of exercise per day, five days a week, depending on how hard you push yourself. Physical fitness is an important part of life. Rather than just lifting or carrying something for a few seconds, the muscles are used for minutes.
This will help ensure optimal health and performance in addition to preventing chronic disease e. If you are not incorporating all components of physical fitness into your daily exercise program, then you are not doing enough to improve your fitness level and overall health. And body composition, the amount of fat on the body versus other tissues such as muscle, bones and skin. The next three tests can have results that are isolated to specific joints and muscles of the body or affect the body as a whole. Or incredibly strong pectoral muscles, but comparatively weak hamstrings.