The animals run the humans off the farm and change the name from Manor Farm to Animal Farm. Using fear is one tactic that helps Napoleon gain and maintain control of Animal Farm. However, though it underscores the need for human rights, the novel does not suggest how to achieve them. Yet he is lord of all the animals. They were treated like slaves and were given just enough food for them to survive and be able to work.
But Orwell composed the book for a more specific purpose: to serve as a cautionary tale about Stalinism. After they vote and decide rats are comrades, Major summarizes his points for the animals to remember. It also brings the themes, such as the abuse of language to bolster power, and the danger of a naïve working class, to light. Four legs good, two legs better! GradeSaver, 31 May 2008 Web. But who's going to believe him? Despite the most adamant warning, the most evil, but educated, tyrant will overcome the most virtuous and noble fool. He preyed on their deficits to make them think that they were too stupid to understand and, therefore, needed someone to come in and make their decisions for them. No animal shall sleep in a bed.
The pigs scare the animals into cooperation, into giving up their smallest luxuries and eventually manage to exploit their fear to get they want. Keep Them Confused When Napoleon obviously flip-flops on the windmill issues with no rhyme or reason, Squealer is so vague with his word choice that the animals don't question him. The animals were not certain what the word meant, but Squealer spoke so persuasively, and the three dogs who happened to be with him growled so threateningly, that they accepted his explanation without further questions. After all, once the animals expel Jones and gain rights for themselves, the pigs take those rights away and the cycle of exploitation continues with new players. None of the animals could form any idea as to what this meant, except old Benjamin, who nodded his muzzle with a knowing air, and seemed to understand, but would say nothing. The sheep, cows, horses, and birds were digging their own graves when they reacted passively each time Napoleon usurped a little more power.
Fear, while extremely prominent, is not the only device used to control the lower animals in the allegorical masterpiece, Animal Farm by George Orwell. Presenting a common enemy to blame for everything so that the leaders are not condemned for the faults that occur The propaganda technique of pinpointing the enemy was extensively used throughout Animal Farm. But they were happy in their work; they grudged no effort or sacrifice, well aware that everything they did was for the benefit of themselves and those of their kind who would come after them, and not for a pack of idle, thieving human beings. Over the course of the novel, Napoleon essentially becomes Jones just as Stalin becomes an autocrat after pretending to espouse equality and freedom. Since very few of the animals could read, or adequately remember what was read to them, they failed to notice or object when the Seven Commandments were altered. Content in the role of the intelligentsia, the pigs forgo manual labor in favor of bookkeeping and organizing.
Instead - she did not know why - they had come to a time when no one dared speak his mind, when fierce, growling dogs roamed everywhere, and when you had to watch your comrades torn to pieces after confessing to shocking crimes. Orwell emphasizes the insidiousness of totalitarianism early in the novel, when the pigs take the fresh milk and apples. If a window was broken or a drain was blocked up, someone was certain to say that Snowball had come in the night and done it, and when the key of the store-shed was lost, the whole farm was convinced that Snowball had thrown it down the well. During chapter 2, the first impression of Napoleon gives us a warning of the tyrant leader he will soon develop into. Squealer is first introduced in chapter 2, and he commits his first deed in chapter 3. Never to have any dealings with human beings, never to engage in trade, never to make use of money - had not these been among the earliest resolutions passed at that first triumphant Meeting after Jones was expelled? Eloquent to a fault, he can make the animals believe almost anything.
They believe life on the farm has improved even though they have less food than ever, and that Napoleon has their best interests at heart even though he kills those who disagree with him. Underneath this story of a group of animals attempting to create a new world, lies a tale of corruption and power that ultimately denounces the notion of capitalism. He dies before we can see if his power corrupts would him. Animal Farm Major, Chapter 1. .
The dogs showed that there was fear when they killed anyone who was associated with Snowball and when anyone spoke out against Napoleon. To placate the animals, Squealer tells them that Boxer was not taken to a knacker but that the veterinarian had bought the knacker's truck and had not yet repainted the words on its side. When the issue of whether or not to build a windmill surfaces, the animals divide their loyalties based on campaign promises. They said that they needed food so that they could fulfill their duties. The animals were enormously relieved to hear this.
Often politicians or leaders will use it to keep their followers and citizens complacent. The other animals understood how to vote, but could never think of any resolutions of their own. The foremost example of violence and terror in the novel is the pattern of public executions. He carried a whip in his trotter. Out of fear that their animals might join in the revolution, the neighboring farmers put out some misleading information of their own. One night the animals take over a farm because they are frustrated about being mistreated and forgotten. He would be only too happy to let you make your decisions for yourselves.