Once a definite male or female gonad differentiates, it, in turn, gives direction to the development of the two coexisting pairs of genital duct structures. Words: 1320 - Pages: 6. Despite a great deal of environmental input, the sexual personality of most individuals remains fairly stable from childhood to adulthood. The genital swellings enlarge to form the scrotal pouch, which eventually will contain the testes, when they descend from their position near the kidneys Fig. A goal for our culture might be to recognize and accept that generalities can exist simultaneously with allowable deviation from the typical.
The entire span of development can best be described in terms of three main subperiods: a differentiation until birth, b birth until puberty, and c puberty and maturity. The anal stage is thought to take place during 1-3 years. Language and learning: The debate between Jean Piaget and Noam Chomsky. In this discussion I have introduced three concepts which I believe will prove fruitful in dealing with some of the most mystifying anomalies of development, such as the way in which individuals can apparently be inconsistent or discordant in their expression of sexuality across various parameters of consideration. There is an interview, family tree is established — pedigree. The particular influential features within each period can be categorized as follows: Predifferentiation Genetics Gonads Endocrines Differentiation Endocrines Internal morphology External morphology Nervous system Development Internal morphology External morphology Nervous system Sex assignment and rearing Psychological sex sexual patterns and mechanisms, sexual self identity, sex object choice Puberty Adulthood The predifferentiation stage is the initial period of ontogeny which precedes the appearances of visible differences between the sexes.
The psychological dimension refers to the role of thoughts, emotion, and behavior on others. There are several incidents or situations that can affect a person physically, mentally, socially, and emotionally. This allowance would permit each individual sufficient freedom to develop and express his or her potential in any direction, on all levels of sexuality, without attaching a negative value to any variation just because it is different. The first concept emphasizes a parallel between the simultaneous development of different structures and physiological mechanisms used in sexual and reproductive activities, and different behavioral patterns which would be associated with these same processes. In the present context, the name is conceptually limiting.
Identify professional disciplines that influence human services. In all individuals, this conditioning process helps modify and shape behavior and, in complicated patterns such as the establishment and maintenance of social dominance or coitus, may even be necessary. Competence is the ability of a tissue to react to a particular developmental stimulus. General systems theory is full of abstract concepts but when applied from a social systems perspective can be useful in understanding social order. Children destined to early puberty tend to be tall and to have an advanced bone age. The genetic material of the sperm and egg then combine to form a single cell called a zygote and the germinal stage of commences.
The psychological dimension refers to the role of thoughts, emotion, and behavior on others. Our culture now is involved with a strong concern with the societal stereotypes of gender roles and their inflexibility. These periods differ in duration and significance. The absence of androgens seems to impede or completely prevent such development and simultaneously to facilitate the emergence of feminine patterns and mechanisms—this, despite the style of male upbringing. In the case of the external genitalia, it is legitimate to regard male and female as representing ends of a continuum, where the development of the genital tubercle toward the phenotype of one sex precludes simultaneous development toward the other sex. In Stimulation in Early Infancy.
In girls, during the first five postnatal months, the cerebellum increases in size and weight about 100 percent, whereas during the same period the increase is only about 60 percent in boys. The development of fear reactions appears to be sex-linked. Human Behavior and the Social Environment 8th ed. Words: 768 - Pages: 4. While the total brain weight is greater in boys, the cerebellum of girls remains relatively larger. Such an approach might enhance understanding of why some penalties are more effective than others, how people make choices in areas such as environmental protection and retirement savings, and what the underlying causes of aggression are and how they help explain why young men are sometimes willing — even in the face of the severest penalties — to kill in reaction to threats to their status.
A sex difference in effect of temporal-lobe neurosurgery on design preference. Experimental and clinical data, however, lead to the belief that the neural tissues differentiate in yet a third manner, with characteristics of both internal and external genitalia. The analogy between differentiation of the genitalia and neural tissues must be employed with caution and therefore will be discussed in detail. The argument is: With greater alignment, there is greater attraction. Manifestation of cognitive and conative differences between boys and girls are seen in sexually different perceptual responses to Rorschach forms throughout the first 10 years of life, starting with codable verbal responses at 3 years of age. However, it also deals with the behavioral changes that take place as a child grows up.
. In the adult individual, this neural organization will affect reproduction mainly via gonadal, and, in the female, genital tract cyclicity. The development of the neural tissues is much more complicated than that of the internal and external genitalia. Gallup was influential to the field of biopsychology due to his experiments which proved that humans are not the only species capable of self-awareness by testing chimpanzees in front of a mirror Pinel, 2009. The bio-psycho-social dimensions of human development consist of three parts that try to give explanation to human behavior: biological, psychological, and social. Do we both want kids? The reverse was true for boys. General systems theory talks about why there seems to be an underlying intelligible order to the world.
The more sedentary activity of girls corresponds with their greater visual field dependency, better ability at rapid repetitive tasks and small motor movements. Gale Encyclopedia of Children's Health, 2006. The placenta attaches to the wall of the uterus, and the fetus's develops from the placenta. Viewing problems through a bio-psycho-social lens allows a social worker to help clients solve problems and learn coping skills through an understanding of behaviors and how biological, psychological and social aspects of ones life plays a role in behavior. Each theory differs in terms of the weight or importance it assigns to these biological, psychological, or social factors. For example, Wolffian duct derivatives such as the vas deferens are more responsive to androgens than to other steroids, whereas Müllerian duct derivatives such as the uterus are always more responsive to estrogens.