A Short Account of the History of Mathematics. He spoke quite freely, very clearly, simply and plainly: but when he wanted to emphasize a new viewpoint … then he lifted his head, turned to one of those sitting next to him, and gazed at him with his beautiful, penetrating blue eyes during the emphatic speech. However, he was a harsh parent who discouraged his young son from attending school, with expectations that he would follow one of the family trades. This book is extremely important because it revolutionized the number theory field. Also, there are reports that Gauss claimed the ideas of younger mathematicians as his own. Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss April 30, 1777 — February 23, 1855 was a German mathematician who made significant contributions to a wide range of mathematical and physical sciences.
In probability and statistics, Gauss is famous for his development of the method of least squares and the discovery of the , now also known as the Gaussian distribution in his honor. Permission was requested by Michael Sirola in Tampere, Finland to translate this biography into Finnish for his blog. For the source and more detailed information concerning your reque … st, click under the related links section Wikipedia indicated directly below this answer section. This was a major discovery in the field of mathematics as construction problems had baffled mathematicians for centuries. Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician and scientist who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, electrostatics, astronomy and optics. Even though the drawing itself is not very important, its proof helped ascertain the factorization of polynomial equations and later create the Galois theory.
Another was his discovery of a way of formulating the concept of the of a surface. Fortunately his talents were discovered, and he was given the chance to study at university. He created the first Academy of Athens, and while at this academy he educated who would soon become the most influential mathematicians and philosophers. But when the schoolmaster looked at Carl's slate, he was astounded to see only one number: 5,050. Carl Gauss Gauss, Johann Carl Friedrich 1777—1855 Carl Friedrich Gauss Carl Friedrich Gauss, one of the most important and prolific mathematicians of all times, was born in Braunschweig, Germany on April 30, 1777. He was for example the first to invent the telegraph and together with a friend he constructed one.
Gauss is attributed to a number of other major discoveries in different related fields, including non-Euclidean geometry and Gaussian geometry, which is important in land surveys and determining curvatures. Rather than performing a great feat of mental arithmetic, Gauss had seen the structure of the problem and used it to find a short cut to a solution. The measurement requires special equipment. In 1801, Gauss discovered and developed the me … thod of least squares fitting, 10 years before Legendre, unfortunately, he didn't publish it. Some of his most important findings, however, had practical implications, as he proposed a number of theorems on shapes that had a direct impact on architecture and construction. Carl Friedrich Gauss Carl Friedrich Gauss lived around 1800 in present-day Germany. As an intensely loyal subject of the duke of Brunswick and, after 1807 when he returned to Göttingen as an astronomer, of the duke of Hanover, Gauss felt that the work was socially valuable.
In the same year, Gauss made an investment, based on data collected from journals and newspapers, that gave him a profit equal to 200 times his annual salary! By his early twenties, Gauss had made discoveries that would shape the future of mathematics. Gauss' and his colleague Wilhelm Weber are said to have built the world's first telegraph line, stretching 5000 feet across the campus of Göttingen University from Gauss' observatory to Weber's physics lab. Yet Gauss found that while the number 17 was prime in the domain of the integers, it was not prime and could be factored within the domain of complex numbers. Gauss was born on April 30, 1777, in Brunswick, in the Duchy of Brunswick-Wilfenbuttel into a poor family. Considered highly influential at the time of its first publication, the book remained influential up until the 20th century. Gauss took an increasing interest in astronomy during his years as a student at Göttingen University and at age 24 solved the foremost problem of mathematical astronomy, the.
Following the 17-sided figure are the 51, 85, 255, 257,…. Some of his most important findings had practical implications, as he proposed a number of theorems on shapes that had a direct impact on architecture and construction. Carl Friedrich Gauss was famous for some important discoveries in Mathematics in the field of the complex numbers, Argand-Gauss plane , in Statistics with his famous Z Distribution, or Normal Distribution who is called as the Gauss Curve. Parce que le nombre d'observations magnétiques à la surface du globe était insuffisant à son époque, l'investigation de nombreux problèmes proposés par Gauss en termes d'analyse en harmoniques sphériques n'a pu être menée à bien que plus tard. He was awarded the prize of the Danish Academy of Sciences in 1823 for his study of angle-preserving maps. Investigations of In 1818, Gauss shocked his colleagues by accepting a commission to carry out a geodetic survey of the Kingdom of Hanover, a job which many regarded as beneath his intellectual stature. His father labored as a gardner and brick-layer and was regarded as an upright, honest man.
In the same year, Carl also published work concerning the field of Astronomy. He invented the heliotrope, an instrument that uses a mirror to reflect sunlight over great distances with the purpose of marking positions in a land survey. In the twelfth century, Latin translations of his work on the Indian numerals, introduced the decimal positional number system to the Western world. The book is divided into seven chapters; of which the first three discuss previous works and last ones introduce original work by Carl. For example, he discovered a first non-Euclidean geometry while thinking about the consequences there would be if a line had more than one parallel line going through a given point. However, he was quite aware that his method merely yielded an approximation and, as he could not definitively prove his findings, and kept them secret until much later in life.
His wife died in 1809 and Gauss married her best friend, Friederica Wilhelmine Waldeck, one year later, and had three more children that were born in the years of 1811, 1813, and 1816. In 1807, Gauss was appointed professor of mathematics and director of the observatory at Göttingen, positions that he held for the rest of his life. Specifically, it means that if the same measurement is repeated many times, it is correct to think of the mean as being drawn from a normal distribution. He was the only child of his parents. It was generally believed that polygons with a prime number of sides greater than five could not be constructed with a ruler and compass, since the number of sides could not be factored. The diary, listing 146 discoveries, was lost for over 40 years after his death.
The problem of mapping an irregularly curved surface to a plane enabled Gauss to develop his long-held ideas on non-Euclidean geometry, published in his. He was probably the greatest mathematician the world has ever known — although perhaps Archimedes, Isaac Newton, and Leonhard Euler also have legitimate claims to the title. For example, a circular cylinder and a flat sheet of paper have the same intrinsic curvature, which is why exact copies of figures on the cylinder can be made on the paper as, for example, in printing. At the end of his college years, Gauss made a tremendous discovery that, up to this time, mathematicians had believed was impossible. This result, along with many in number theory were published in his book Inquiries into Arithmetic in 1801, one of the most important and famous mathematical books ever written. All in all, despite the rather pedestrian nature of his employment, the responsibilities of caring for his sick mother and the constant arguments with his wife Minna who desperately wanted to move to Berlin , this was a very fruitful period of his academic life, and he published over 70 papers between 1820 and 1830.