From a functionalist perspective, the main parts of society its institutions such as education, religion and the family are the foundations for social structure. They reject the idea that biological differences make women less competent or rational than men or that men are biologically less emotional or nurturing than women. The conflict theory garners most individuals into two classes that stimulate inequality. Oakley distinguishes between sex and gender, referring to sex as the biological differences between males and females such as their reproductive role, whereas she refers to gender as culturally constructed differences between masculine and feminine roles and identities assigned to males and females. They fail to consider hostility between religious groups within the same society. The feminist study looks at other areas of family life like domestic violence and housework.
Functionalism, the structural consensus sociological theory is a key theory that was developed by Emile Durkheim, one of the founding fathers of sociology. The ownership of production would be collective, as the members of society would share the wealth. Instead there is a high degree of consensus that societies are organised efficiently and relatively fairly. Need essay sample on Compare and contrast Marxist and functionalist. Marxists have placed religion as part of the super structure, it helps justify the capitalist base as well as the whole super structure. Characteristics of Functionalism and Conflict Theory: View of the Society: Functionalism: The society is viewed as a system that consists of different parts. Micro approaches, also known as action theories, include social action theory, symbolic interactionism, phenomenology and ethnomethodoly.
Theory Origin Many helped formulate and grow the functionalist, conflict and symbolic interactionism theories. Functionalism was founded by Emile Durkheim, a French sociologist and Marxism was founded by Karl Marx, a German philosopher. More broadly, a society is an economic, social and industrial structure. Some inclusive approaches to religion classify science as a form of religion. To sum up, Functionalism spoke on how all individuals in society is in consensus with the social order and social rules whereas Marxism touches on the subject of how conflict is within the society.
The functionalist view of society makes the assumption that every society has a range of basic needs. Functionalism sees society as a whole. This can be summarized as follows. In this article, we will be paying attention to functionalism and conflict theory. In this way, functionalists say the family is like an organic analogy-where everything in society depends on each other. To conclude, Marxism and functionalism view society in very different ways, both have been criticised for ignoring a individual's perspective and choices.
Difference in opinion is linked to human capacity of social change and the need to explore and explain, what was relevant to society in Marx's view might not be relevant or as important to another type of society. Security cameras show the vandals were four high school students, three of whom are on the honor roll. There are several perspectives on the sociology of education that are important. Functionalism and Marxism are both sociological perspectives that ask, and state, certain theories about society and the people that live within it. Durkheim views education as a miniature society and prepares children for the adult world, whereas Marxists would take the view that education creates conflict, children learn their obedience to capitalism. Durkheim uses organic analogy of the human body, in order for the body to proper all parts like organs have to work together and work efficiently. The Marxist perspective rejects this idea, seeing the family as a continuance of the imbalance of power by producing unequal relationships and perpetuating the dominant ideology of the ruling class.
For him, common sense and the obvious would not suffice; he wanted to build scientific theories based on critical awareness of society. Educational — family socialises the young into societies norms and values. Aside from all agreeing that society is patriarchal, these versions of feminism disagree on two levels; the extent of patriarchy in society and also what needs to be done to create gender equality. The perspective tries to understand how to overcome societies problems by looking back over history and learning from past mistakes. He believed that poor would become poorer and the rich would become richer.
In academics, macro theories attempt to explain the entirety of a subject in general or broad terms and example of a macro theory is Marxism. He did, however, agree that religion promotes solidarity. Everything within society is caused by something else. Some may argue that Murdoch's definition is weak because at that time sex before marriage was not accepted as was single mothers and homo-sexual families. The structural conflict and structural consensus theories are inevitable chapters of sociology.
Besides, Marxists view social stratification as the base of conflict within society. Key Difference — Functionalism vs Conflict Theory Functionalism and the conflict theory are two perspectives used in between which some difference can be identified. More coursework: Compare marxist and functionalist perspectives Compare Marxist and Functionalist Perspectives Compare and Contrast Functionalist and Marxist Perspectives Sociology is a systematic way of studying the social world. Macro theories are explanations that look at society as a whole, and the effect society has on people within it. Both perspectives provide useful views on society but are not always truthful to real life. Sloppy People she compares the differences of personalities between Sloppy people and neat people.
However, functionalism argues that socialisation is the mechanism by which value consensus is formed, allowing social order and stability. Print © Copyright Nikhil B. Organic Analogy - Used to compare society to the human body, they argue that all parts of society need to work. For instance, a man who is profiting through the doing of evil will be punished in the after life for his wrongful gain in life. Merton supported that functions can be of different types, such as dysfunctional or latent. This leaves the working class children being sent to estate and comprehensive schools, this can give children major drawbacks because they are not given as many opportunities as those children in the fee paying educations due to the schools funding.
Behaviorist such as John Watson, B. Not only does the family have practical uses like reproduction and primary socialisation, but also things that personally benefit each member of family like economic provision. A functionalist approach on the mass media is how it fills a very important duty to provide the citizens with. Emile Durkheim, French sociologist, was the original founding father of this theory. Liberal feminists therefore disagree with the functionalist Parsons who believed that males and females perform the roles they are biologically suited to do, contrarily. Explain how the essay question above is from a marxists point of view.