Former Edwin Meese, who served under Republican President Ronald Reagan, raised questions about whether the Supreme Court's interpretations carry the same weight as legislation and the constitutional law of the land. This would make the states superior to the federal government. The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; To borrow Money on the credit of the United States; To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes; To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States; To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures; To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States; To establish Post Offices and post Roads; To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries; To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court; To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offences against the Law of Nations; To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water; To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years; To provide and maintain a Navy; To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces; To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions; To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District not exceeding ten Miles square as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;—And To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof. Establishing Our Federal Government The U. Constitutional supremacy is a principle which states that the provisions of the constitution are superior to any other law of the land. Example 4 In McCulloch vs.
From the foregoing, it can be seen that constitutional supremacy is the position of the constitution having the superior or greatest power or authority. Standing orders cannot be considered as law by any learned person in the legal profession. This clause is the section of the Constitution stating that the Constitution and federal laws are the 'Supreme Law of the Land. More than any other relationship, constitutional law is thought to govern the relationship between individuals and the federal government. He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States. It also has jurisdiction whether to determine a bill was consistent with the constitution.
So this is clear deviation from the British tradition of parliamentary supremacy. More than two dozen states have spent millions of dollars in taxpayer money challenging the law and trying to block the federal government from enforcing it. In another famous constitutional law case, Schenck v. Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. In other words, under federalism, the states get to regulate whatever is left over. Also, the supremacy of the constitution makes it the supreme law of the land against which all inconsistent enactments and conducts are null and void.
If the military chooses to allow violations to continue, revolt may be the only solution. However, there are still plenty of examples where the tension between state and federal laws remain unsolved. It has jurisdiction to determine the validity of the expulsion of a member from a political party. On the other hand this parliament does not have executive power as in the 1972 constitution. Each person in the United States is subject to the laws of that city, county, state and our federal government.
A treaty to which United States is a party is given status equal to that of a federal legislation and therefore forms a part of the Supreme law of the land. It applies regardless of whether the conflicting laws come from legislatures, courts, administrative agencies, or constitutions. The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person. The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors. The Constitution expressly grants broad powers to the federal government but not to the states. The preceding paragraphs have exposed us to provisions of the constitution that provide for Supremacy of the constitution. It can exist in countries with a broad range of governments.
It has role to play in the impeachment of a President of the Republic. The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;—to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;—to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;—to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;—to Controversies between two or more States;— ,—between Citizens of different States,—between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects. It is the most successful democratic constitution in the history of Nigeria due to the fact that it is the longest lasting constitution. Stick to some thing like Jainism, Buddhism, Hinduism. Instead, the Constitution stresses what the states can't do.
Some federal legislation preempts state law, however, usually because Congress believes its law should be supreme for reasons of national uniformity. If either Federal or State written law is inconsistent with the Constitution e. Federalism and Federal Powers The federal government has broad powers under the Supremacy Clause to create, regulate, and enforce the laws of the United States. Another case is that of Inakoju vs Adeleke. The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators. Among these powers, the federal government has certain enumerated powers which are specifically spelled out in the U.
Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide. The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States. When a state law conflicts with a federal law, the Supremacy Clause operates to invalidate the state law in favor of the federal one as long as the federal law is found to be in pursuance of the Constitution. Constitutional supremacy means that no laws or actions can violate a nation's constitution. This is, we think, the unavoidable consequence of that supremacy which the Constitution has declared. Therefore it is very clear that the Supreme Court under the present constitution is a very powerful body that is endowed with important national responsibilities. Constitution establishes three branches of the federal government: the executive branch, the judiciary branch, and the legislative branch.