Except during the inter ethnic disturbances of 23rd march 2003 at Warri, in Delta State, 16 their production process and piping operations of crude oil are rarely disturbed. Business Ethics: A European Review, 16 1 , 3-18. Two principal types of waste management control systems are required to reduce or eliminate environmental degradation and health hazards in the region, and thereby contribute to reducing tension. In developing countries where the governments cannot handle the entire social problem, philanthropic activities consider main parts of social responsibility of the oil companies Frynas, 2009. So far, the competition has lived up to expectation with respect to its mandate, having been impacting positively on the intellectual attainment of young Nigerians nationwide, preparing them for taking over the mantle of leadership of this great country. By exploring needs, wants and expectations, differences are identified between short-term expectations and long-term perspectives.
The private sector is expected to play a major role in updating the strategy. When some businesses threaten social inclusion, the worse-off need protection through a transformation of the accepted protocol. Corporate social responsibility and development: In quest of an agenda. Much of the labor in the past has been imported. Oil transnational corporations: Corporate social responsibility and environmental sustainability. The quantitative research method was used by distributing 270 questionnaires in host communities in Saha district, Hadramout governorate.
This article focuses on the Chinese oil firms operating in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria and investigates if they operate on the same basis as the Western firms. Challenges and opportunities are identified for the petroleum companies in dealing with different stakeholders and diverging interests. The article also emphasized that social responsibility can be examined in terms of obligation, reaction and responsiveness. Joint ventures account for approximately 95 percent of all crude oil output, while local independent companies operating in marginal fields account for the remaining 5 percent. In the treatment plants, the toxic waste residue had to be stock piled and shipped abroad for treatment. This is because the oil companies are operating joint ventures and Production Sharing Contracts with the government they have constant opportunities to influence government policy, including with respect to the provision of security for the oil facilities and other issues that border on the socio-economic well-being of the communities they operate within in the oil producing Niger-river delta regions. These improvements may not have happened without government pressures, for example, to introduce double-hull tankers.
In repeated activities nothing will work in a society if at each turn, the wronged flock daily to the counts for redress. Theorising corporate responsibility as an essentially contested concept: Is a definition necessary? Reconstructing the corporate social responsibility construct in Utlish. The modern manifestation can be traced to Bowen 1953. It is the just expectation of host communities in the Niger- River delta to benefit from a flow of opportunities arising out of the exploitation of economic units in their oil-rich communities. Musa, Ahmed, Yusuf, Yahaya, Mc Ardle, Louise and Banjoko, Gbemisola 2013 Corporate social responsibility in Nigeria's oil and gas industry: the perspective of the industry. Yet companies are increasingly expected to go beyond this.
In the same period, Petrobras' emissions increased by 66%, despite that company's oil and natural gas production increasing by a smaller percentage. Otherwise, life will be short. The private sector is expected to create jobs, enhance productivity, quality of life and be more socially responsible with regards to the activities in Nigeria ibid. Conversely, why was the oil producing companies not proving to be good neighbours? For instance, some authors conceptualize Corporate Social Responsibility as an ethical construct that suggests that business organizations should bear responsibility for their decisions and actions as well as the consequences of those decisions and actions. It is written in an engaging and accessible style, with each chapter including case studies, discussion questions, end of chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading. It is, therefore, difficult to quantify the benefits to the local people. Africa had no technology establishment that could treat toxic waste issues until August 2005.
Journal of African Law, 52 1 , 89-113. It discusses realistic ways forward, in particular the Circular Economy and Cradle to Cradle frameworks. The introduction of better quality materials or equipment to reduce the likelihood of environmental damage also reduces the costly, long-term need for maintenance. Some non-governmental organisations say the oil and gas sector can never become sustainable because the consumption of oil and gas products is inherently harmful to the environment and causes climate change. As a matter of fact, the social issues field is an emerging area, and despite such importance, oil contracts do not often deal with them in great detail, corresponding to an actual emptiness of the human rights provisions. Community investments have deeper problems. After introducing an internal cap-and-trade scheme in 2000, it reached the goal in 2001.
All the stakeholders will earn their just dividends. Some analysts suggest that corporate-driven social responsibility initiatives offer a new, and potentially bright, prospect of addressing global poverty and underdevelopment effectively. Therefore, as being one of the most influential sectors in the world, is crucial to strictly regulate how oil and gas contracts concerns the potential environmental and social impacts arising from the conduct of petroleum operations and how such behavior affects the human rights. The book introduces students to the background and key issues of sustainability and suggests ways in which these concepts can be applied in business practice. But then, why are they the oil corporation that is most loved to hate in the Niger Delta Region? This study aims to trace a detailed analysis of the impact of the oil and gas agreements in human rights.
This committee is one of the few in our industry to focus solely on environmental, health and safety matters at every regular board meeting and underscores our commitment to ensure that Cabot is a leader in our peer group in responsible, sustainable operations. Also, due to the security concerns in the Niger Delta and Nigeria, only Chinese state-owned companies are recent investors in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria Akinosho, 2013 in Saharareporters website. Comparative studies of social responsibility are quite infrequent, typically as opposed to other connected areas, like comparative management, law or governance. Furthermore, fundamental motivations are not always transparent from interviews. High stakes and stakeholders: Oil conflict and security in Nigeria.
Ho further argued that a company being accountable to every stakeholder would be unjustified and therefore, unworkable. It goes beyond the conventional theories of sustainability and addresses critical issues concerned with population, consumption and economic growth. Castro further alluded to Robert Owen who in the early part of the 19 th century set up social villages close to textile mills; the villages then catered for the general welfare health and education amongst others of the staff and family of the mills ibid. The Wall Street Journal, p. What new tools, strategies and methodologies are required to harness the positive potential contribution of business to development and deter corporate irresponsibility? They earn some money and spend it thinking it will be easy to earn more, when in many cases this does not turn out to be the case.
The period covered by the various audits included first audit was for the period 1999-2004, the second audit was in respect of 2005 and the third audit covered the years 2009-2011. Taking particular csr initiatives as a starting point, we seek to look at the broader developmental footprint of business-as-usual strategies, as well as those which fall under the banner of csr, to gain a fuller picture of how business is implicated in the development process. By answering questionnaires, a total of 200 hospital patients from four government hospitals participated in the study. La responsabilité sociale des entreprises, leurre ou promesse? Whilst it is heartening to see such initiatives,voluntary initiatives of the kind represented by the Global Compact are no substitutes for action by governments. The article deals with the issue of forming competence of social responsibility in vocational training of future petroleum engineers in Ukraine and abroad. Yet companies are increasingly expected to go beyond this.