Elizabeth died in 1579, and Napier then married Agnes Chisholm, with whom he had ten more children. They had five children: Archibald, who succeeded as third Lord Napier; John, killed in 1672; Jean, who married Sir Thomas Nicolson of Carnock, whose only son, Thomas, became the fourth Lord Napier; Margaret, who became Lady Napier, fifth holder of the title in her own right whose grandson, Francis Scott, became the sixth holder of the title as the sixth Lord Napier ; and Mary, who died unmarried. He conveyed these lands to his brother Alexander on 10 January 1622. The latter probably died within days of being born, or was stillborn, hence it not having a forename. Interesting John Napier Facts: John Napier was born in Merchiston Castle and was common in the 16 th century was educated at home until the age of 13.
In 1579, Elizabeth died and he married Agnes, to whom he remained devoted. The Merchiston estate, in Edinburgh, lies to the south-west of the Wrychtishousis estate. A is available free for smartphones and offers live bus information and electronic ticketing. Not much is known about Sir Alexander except that he married Janet Chisholm the same family that later provided the second wife of John Napier of Logarithms and they had three children: Alexander; Helen; and Janet. Despite leaving Cambridge University without a degree, he joined the Diplomatic Service and served his country as Attaché, Secretary to the Embassy, Envoy, and Ambassador to many countries including, Austria, Turkey, United States of America, The Netherlands, Russia and Germany. He invented the calculating device, Napier's bones, which is a series of numbered rods. Contributions to Mathematics In 1614, John published his first work — Mirifici Logarithmorum Canonis Descriptio.
He also applied Sibylline Oracles to calculate the date the world would end. John Napier Mathematician Specialty Physics, astronomy Born 1550 Merchiston Tower, Edinburgh Died Apr. He studied in Europe, mainly in Paris. Both the Lord Napier and the Master joined the Marquess of Montrose Lord Napier's brother-in-law and fought with him at the Battle of Philiphaugh Lord Napier was over 70 years of age! For details of his life and his connections to St Andrews see our previous post:. He is mainly remembered today for his invention of Logarithms, but he achieved much more. Some historians claim that he studied in some universities on Italy and France.
He was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia on 2 May 1627 and two days later was raised to the Peerage of Scotland as a Lord of Parliament, with the title Lord Napier of Merchistoune. It met with success at home and abroad. John Napier of Rusky, the 3rd Laird of Merchiston was killed, in service to the king, leading the Clan Napier at the Battle of Sauchieburn on June 11, 1488. The book was a great success both at home and abroad. The two titles parted company as the Lordship could pass through the female line, but the baronetcy of Nova Scotia could not; the former passed by marriage to the Scotts, but they took the name Napier. Born in Jedburgh, Mary Somerville spent much of her childhood in Burntisland.
In 1593 he wrote A Plaine Discovery of the Whole Revelation of St. The life of John Napier was extraordinary, it was a life beyond logarithms and bones. However this cannot be correct as it is six years before Anne was born. © Charlie Napier, Morningside, Edinburgh, Scotland. The computational advance available via logarithms, the converse of powered numbers or , was such that it made calculations by hand much quicker. He was put on the Commission of the Peace for Stirlingshire and, with others, managed the estates of his nephew, the second Lord Napier, during the Commonwealth. However, before he could return, Montrose was captured, tried and executed.
Sir Archibald was only 16 years when his son John was born. Modern English translations of both Napier's books on logarithms and their description can be found on the web, as well as a discussion of Napier's Bones see below and Promptuary another early calculating device. We also have rehearsal and performance spaces in a converted church just around the corner in nearby Morningside. Nothing is really known about this Alexander, except that he had at least one son, also called Alexander. By car The campus is situated in a residential area to the south-west of the city.
He was the 8 th Laird of Merchiston. Many people said that he used to travel around with a black spider in a tiny box. Disabled access guide For a detailed access guide to our Merchiston campus, please visit. He never lived there because it had been leased out to Merchiston Castle School. John Napier Facts John Napier of Merchiston 1550 to 4 April 1617 was a Scottish landowner, mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. Thus ended the ownership of the Merchiston estate by the Napiers. Today, he is best known as the inventor of logarithms.
John died on 3 April 1617 and is reputedly buried in the crypt of St Cuthbert's Church formerly known as the West Kirk in Edinburgh and not in the family vault in St Giles' Cathedral in Edinburgh as is sometimes stated. He was also influenced by sermons of Christopher Goodman and therefore, he developed a very strong anti-papal reading. Napier, John, Rabdologia, private printing, Edinburgh, 1617; reprinted as Vol. With respect to each of these devices, Napier extended their potential to provide the capability of performing a number of additional arithmetic operations including root taking, and finding the diameters and side lengths of polygons. John was succeeded by his eldest son, Archibald. Because so many people claim descent from John of Logarithms, sometimes, unfortunately, wrongly, the children and grandchildren of John of Logarithms are given on this separate page.