Workers loose interest in jobs and derive little pleasure from work. Demerits of Scientific Management Theory 1. Some of his innovations in the engineering industry, to be concise in , have seen improvement in production to date. E in operating a company; the financers always try to increase their own profits to the highest extent possible; this is made possible by overworking the workforce and their utter exploitation. Follows narrow application: The scientific management theory focuses on a narrow application. Contrary to today's theorizing, hypothesis formation and testing, the One Best Way came from the workers, not from the managers or owners Spender and Kijne, 1996.
Opposition by trade unions: Scientific wage rate systems and incentive plans leave very little or no scope to bargain with management for better wage structure. It is a theory of management that calls for optimising the way that tasks are performed and simplifying the jobs enough so that the workers could be trained to perform their specialised job roles in the best way possible. Therefore, more attention is required to be imposed on the standardization of working methods and hence the scientific management theory laid emphasis on this aspect. Best use of resources and development: With the scientific techniques followed, there is better utilization of resources this in turn leads to increased productivity. Planning reduces productivity: Though the capability to plan ahead is an advantage, the downside of planning is that it makes work inflexible and ridged and may lead to carelessness and dissatisfaction. A thorough overhauling of the existing plant and organizational structure is highly expensive.
In Government The president assigns different tasks to different people. Further, it sets that the wage for workers producing less than the 20 units is Ksh 100 per unit while for those who will produce 20 or more units, Ksh 150 per unit. It is a theory of management that analyse and improve work process, aiming to increase labour productivity. Frederick Winslow Taylor was thought of as the most influential business guru of the twentieth century. It is important to understand that the circumstances during the life of Taylor were quite different from those today: there had been a series of depressions and production methods at the time were very inefficient. Early proponent of quality standards.
However, management functions have been reduced to four such as planning, organizing, leading and controlling. The argument is considered as one among the best efforts where science is applied to engineering processes and management. Other detailed and precise advantages or benefits of Scientific Management are as follows: 5. Scientific knowledge is organized, systematized and approved knowledge; knowledge with a reason for it. The emotionless robotic attitude: Taylor produced a theory purely based on conjecture and the concept of utilitarianism; he gave a motorized and profit driven outlook of the industries. Demotivating approach: With the application of scientific approach of management, the employees are focused on how well they perform their job and their statistics and results are produced along with a time frame.
Such as, these are repetitive in nature, and the individual workers performing their daily activities are divided into a large number of cyclical repetition of same or closely related activities. Upon introducing motion and time studies, he set some performance standards in cost, time, and quality of work. Management of the whole organisation is not taken into account. Scientific management, or Taylorism, is a set of principles regarding the management of an organisation developed by F. Their work yielding might also be encumbered by being illogical, insatiable and unwieldiness. Wrong assumption: According to Frederick Winslow Taylor theory of motivation, employees do not naturally enjoy work and they require close observation and control.
But in the case of , one theory is not enough. It leads to fragmentation of work on account of its emphasis on the analysis and organization of individual task or operations. More importantly, this should be unbiased and comprehensible. Management takes control: The management takes complete responsibility related to control and planning of work place activities. When there is no unity of command, there is confusion and disorder in the organization. The differential incentive plan provides higher wages to efficient workers. Productivity: Better management and optimum allocation of resources result in high productivity, high profits and high wages.
It was designed to apply scientific methods to the management of work organisations in order to improve economic efficiency and labour productivity. His main focus was to apply scientific analysis to all facets of the work being. Both should, thus, try to increase production and share their interests of maximum profits and maximum wages. In industrial production a huge quantity is produced; so the per unit production cost is naturally diminished due to large-scale production. Moreover, Taylor's system clearly meant that time was of the essence. Frederick Winslow Taylor, Knowledge management, Management 1503 Words 6 Pages Scientific Management Taylorism Frederick Winslow Taylor 1956-1915 observed in his role as a apprentice machinist that workers used different and mostly inneficient work methods.
At some point, the man has also been accused of destroying the soul of work, making people a and dehumanizing factories. Training methods are also scientifically designed to develop workers to perform the jobs they are best suited for. Too much significance was placed on the profit and efficiency factors but little thought was given to the workers as human beings. As stated by Cole 2004 , during industrial revolution in the 19th century, employers in the Western world had the problem which was how to organize to resources such as new factories, new plants and labors to get the efficient and profitable operation. Disadvantages of Scientific Management from Industrial Psychologists point of view The objections raised by the industrial psychologists are mainly based on the human element involved in the management. Disadvantages of Scientific Management from Employees point of view The principal objections raised by the organized trade unions and the labour class are as follows: 1.
Workers are pushed to complete a particular task within a stipulated time. Wages do not rise in proportion as rise in production. Introduction Covey 2007 said the backbone of successful organizations can be traced to its management, and whoever that is providing direction for it. No comprehensive analysis of such a broad problem is possible within the scope of this paper. In 1878 he takes up an unskilled job at Midvale Steel Works where he does his first experiments. This eliminates the higher need for human power therefore many people lose their jobs.