Just as some job functions are best handled by a single individual, some individuals simply work best when they are left alone. Article shared by : This article will help you to differentiate between line and staff in an organisation. A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority. They render specialised service to the organisation. Line managers make formal decisions within their sphere of authority that directly influence the way a company does business, including production goals, organizational policies and compensation decisions. Line workers produce goods and services and sell.
But there is an assurance of continuous work for the professional in a project organisation. This confusion may hamper smooth working. Narrow Perspective The contemporary division between line-and-staff departments and roles is much more gray than the historic one. An example would be the project of building a new airport. The factors of designations, status influence sentiments which are related to their relation, can pose a distress on the minds of the employees. Taylor suggested that it is unscientific to overload a foreman with entire responsibility of running a department.
Disunity in command Unity of command is unavoidable for the management of any organization to reach its goal. In manufacturing, line groups engage in work related to production. Line organization is the most oldest and simplest method of administrative organization. This type of departmentalization is used by those organizations that deal differently with different types of customers. Typically, work is carried out in accordance with specialized functions, and authority is exercised in a hierarchical manner. Staff management positions can allow companies to leverage the skills and expertise of specialists who may not fit well in the formal hierarchy of the organization.
Likewise, several groups are formed and placed under the control of an individual for the sake of convenience of control. Staff groups support those engaged in the central productive activity of the enterprise. Instability: As the success of the system mainly depends upon the ability of one or two persons, the whole organization shall upset and collapse if they leave the enterprise. The executive may not be expert in all aspects of managerial activities. Line Organisation : Line organisation is the simplest and the oldest type of organisation.
Therefore, the degree of effective co-ordination is less. Educational administration: concepts and practices 5th ed. Managers need to be highly - skilled experts in just one or two areas E. Each department handles it's own marketing and production C. It leads to the introduction of a new line of a authority. Functional departmentalization is the basis for grouping together jobs that relate to a single organizational function or specialized skill such as marketing, finance, production, and so on. Line managers do not exist at the top levels of the organization D.
The workers at the lower levels will be more loyal and responsible to one single boss rather than to a number of bosses. Line authority is generally considered as the formal legitimate authority created by the organisational hierarchy. If the president and other superiors are benevolent in nature, then the employees tend to consider the organization as a family and tend to be closer to each other that is highly beneficial to the organization. Productivity Line managers can work more efficiently with staff managers handling specialized functions. This gives a wide scope to the line executive to bring innovations and go for research work in those areas. This creates an ideal situation for shifting blame for mistakes. One form is the authority simply to advice, but the line manager can always choose whether to seek or to avoid input from the staff.
This flexibility gives satisfaction of line executives. Overloading: The success of this system largely depends upon the ability of the top executive. In the line and staff type of organization, the staff specialist does not have the authority to enforce his recommendations. The discipline among employees can be maintained easily and effective control can be easily exercised. Since one man controls the whole show, the subordinates have to dance according to his tune.
The future of business: the essentials 4th, student ed. The line and staff type of organization uses the expertise of specialists without diluting the unity of command. Specialized Staff: Unlike the general staff who generally assist only one line executive, the specialized staff provides expert staff advice and service to all employees on a company wide basis. Another advantage is the autonomy given to many of the organization's line workers. Some typical areas covered by advisory staff are legal, and economic development.
The departmental manager is responsible or answerable to his immediate superior i. In simple words, it is more adaptive to the changed circumstances. Minimum number of employees are required to adopt line organization. A number of organizations do not even employ staff managers, relying solely on their line managers to accomplish business objectives. A line-and-staff approach contradicts a one-for-all, team culture.
All the employees are performing the same type of work at one level. The success of the organisation depends upon the experience and competence of the officers of the organisation. Staff employees are not directly involved in producing and selling activities. The authority is embedded in the hierarchical structure and it flows in a direct line from the top of the managerial hierarchy down to different levels of managers and subordinates and further down to the operative levels of workers. Lesser Burden on line officers: The work of the line officers is considerably reduced with the help of staff officers. Line authority gives a superior a line of authority over a subordinate. As a result everybody knows to whom he is responsible and who are responsible to him.