Prepared by Tim Taylor, Anatomy and Physiology Instructor. Both are bound together with the interosseous membrane. The first version is prone to leaks. The epiphyseal area of the upper end moves through the intersection of these two parts. Four joints include the tibia bone: the ankle, knee and interior and superior tibiofibular joints. For brevity, just the clinical and anatomical importance of surfaces and borders are mentioned here.
It runs parallel to the tibia, or shin bone, and plays a significant role in stabilizing the ankle and supporting the muscles of the lower leg. There is only one pivot joint in the body and it is located in the neck. There are 5 proximal phalanges in each hand, and they are located in front of the metacarpals. ? The central region is slightly concave similar to medial condyle and comes in touch with femoral condyle. Also Read: Download Free Apps: Symptoms Checker : Best Home Remedies: Follow us: Facebook: Twitter: G+: Linkedin:.
Inner Body says the fibula is the bone medical providers often choose for bone tissue when needing to make grafts in other parts of the body due to its lack of responsibility in bearing weight. The cervical vertebrae form the neck. Compact bone is made of cells surrounded by a matrix of hard calcium mineral and collagen protein that is both extremely strong and flexible to resist stress. There are four distal tarsals: the lateral cuboid and the three cuneiforms, located medially. It serves more as an attachment point for muscles rather than a weight-bearing bone.
It is broad, and often deeply grooved; it is directed lateralward in the upper two-thirds of its course, backward in the lower third, where it is continuous with the posterior border of the lateral malleolus. They allow the foot to support the weight of the body in the erect posture with the least weight. The last two pairs are known as the floating ribs because although they start from the thoracic vertebrae, they do not attach to the sternum. When reviewing an operative report from the time of surgery, your surgeon will dictate the method in which they repaired the broken fibula, as well as any other treatment needed. The most common complications associated with surgery for treatment of a fibula fracture are related to the incision and the underlying hardware. The attachment of the biceps femoris tendon on the fibular head is closely related to the of the knee. They are treated according to their severity and also according to what caused the fracture.
A much smaller projection than the greater trochanter, the psoas major and iliacus muscles attach here. The lateral surface is the space between the antero-lateral and postero-lateral borders. With the exception of the big toe, each digit contains a proximal, intermediate, and distal phalange; the big toe lacks an intermediate phalange. Proximal Femur: The anterior surface of the femur with parts labeled Proximally, the femur exhibits four key regions. Located superiorly on the main shaft, lateral to the joining of the neck, the greater trochanter is a projection to which the abductor and lateral rotator muscles of the leg attach.
The two longitudinal arches and a transverse arch are maintained by the interlocking shapes of the foot bones, strong ligaments, and pulling muscles during activity. A thin, bony ridge known as the anterior crest continues distally from the tibial tuberosity, giving the shaft of the tibia a triangular cross section. It is not directly involved in transmission of weight of body. The vertebrae give the vertebral column its flexibility due to which we can bend forwards and sideways. It is the major weight-bearing bone of the lower leg.
It is linked to the interosseous membrane the links the fibula to the tibia. The Foot: The foot contains the proximal tarsals that form the ankle and heel; intermediate metatarsals; and the distal phalanges that form the toes. It lies in the central portion of the rib cage, and is attached to the ribs via cartilage. The most common way to repair a fractured fibula bone is with a metal plate and screws. This is the palpable down of anterior surface of the leg as shin. The posterior surface of the patella contains the medial and lateral facets that articulate with the condyles of the femur.
It connects to the duodenum first section of the small intestine through the pancreatic duct. The maxilla, or the upper jawbone, holds the teeth of the upper jaw, and forms the walls of the orbital cavity. This joint is a planar joint, allowing the tibia and fibula to slightly glide past each other and adjust the position of the lower leg. As can be examined in a footprint, the medial longitudinal arch curves above the ground. Frequently Asked Questions How is the shaft of the tibia? In many animals, it still articulates with the posterior part of the lower extremity of the , but this feature is frequently lost as it is in humans. The chief characteristic of this arch is its elasticity, due to its height and to the number of small joints between its component parts. They are different from those in the thoracic and lumbar regions for the fact that they have a hole or foramen in each transverse process for the vertebral artery to pass through.