An understanding of management and organizational behaviour then became crucial for coordinating the efforts of individuals working in groups. Organizational Behavior helps in motivating employees. In fact, the study of management began much before the study of organizational behaviour. Do you subscribe to the view that business has responsibilities other than making profit? Modern organizational studies attempt to understand and model these factors. Unit 3 Perception Introduction -Significance of Perception -Principles of Perceptual Selection -Perceptual Set in Organisational Settings -Characteristics of Perceive and Perceived. Organisational behaviour actually refers to the behaviour of the people in the organizations because organizations themselves do not behave. Fails usually because one side of the authority structure dominates, or employees have not learned to work in a collaborative fashion.
In general, the organizational process consists of five steps a flowchart of these steps is shown in Figure 1 : 1. An organization needs to manage all these aspects so that it can sustain itself in a competitive market. Other firms observe these innovative developments and recreate them efficiently. He reports to both project and department manager. This is usually coordinated by a General Manager. Two hybrid structures exist, in one form, project or product groups may be overlaid on the functional structure so that these groups facilitate coordination across functions.
This form requires a good deal of information processes among the functions. Organizational behaviour studies therefore draw from management theories to understand aspects such as organizational structure, behaviour of people in an organization, and the issues concerning external and internal fit. Understanding not only how to delegate tasks and organize resources but also how to analyze behavior and motivate productivity is critical for success in management. Unit 2 Understanding Organisational Behavior Introduction -Fundamental Concepts of Organisational Behavior -Models of Organisational Behavior. Organizational Behaviour helps in understanding Organization and Employees in a better way: Studying helps to understand organization and people in a better way. As, managers are aware about the positive and negative consequences of the behavior, it enables managers to maintain friendly relations with their employees which creates peace and harmony in the organization. The focus of analysis at this level is on how people structure their working relationships as well as on how organizations interact withtheir external environmental forces.
Employees in each department get differentiated, adopting similar values, goals, and orientations. Organizational Behavior Management helps in understanding the root-cause of the problem, predict its future course of action and control its negative consequences. Best Suited for: Volatile unstable environments that change rapidly and dramatically and when innovation is the primary basis for strategic advantage. It centralized facets of the workforce and began to define the rules of production and trade, which also led to specialization. A corporate headquarters oversees the divisions but the divisions are given the freedom to make their own decisions. Examples of vertical and horizontal coordination: direct supervision, rules, procedures, plans, budgets, meetings, and task forces.
Resources can be flexibly allocated and the organization can adapt to changing external environments. Going back in history, we find that before the industrial revolution which took place in Europe in the middle of the eighteenth century , people used to manage their own economic activity through home-centred production systems. Taking a managerial approach and demonstrating the application of behavioural science within the workplace, this text emphasises the role of management as a core integrating activity. The formal structure is meaningless. By combining characteristics hybrid structures can take advantage of both forms of structure and avoid some of their weaknesses. It is linked to psychology because the subject encompasses the study of people, individually and in groups at the workplace essentially, an organization. The general manager is responsible for setting procedures that cut across functions and for mediating conflicts between departments.
Decision rights are pushed down as far as possible and middle management layers are reduced. A disadvantage is that the division loses economies of scale. Unit 4 Personality Introduction -Definition of Personality -Determinants of Personality -Personality Theories -Personality and Organisation -Personality Structure -Personality and Behavior. Unit 15 Organisational Culture Introduction- Development and Levels of Organisational Culture — Types of Corporate Culture -Types of Corporate Culture- Managing Cultural Diversity- How Employees Absorb an Organisational Culture -Matching People with Cultures- Concept of Organisational Socialization. The concept of factory production amplified production as a whole and allowed for the organized division of labor to start. Henry Ford implemented an innovative design by modifying factory production and creating the assembly line, which is still used in many factories in contemporary society. This concept map illustrates common internal and external stakeholders: internal stakeholders include employees and managers, while external stakeholders include customers, suppliers, creditors, and society at large.
Organizational Behavior helps in effective utilization of Human Resources. Problem is determining responsibility and authority. Organizational behavior also deals heavily in culture. A Wall Street stock-trading company, for example, will have a dramatically different work culture than an academic department at a university. The Organizational Process Organizing, like planning, must be a carefully worked out and applied process. Studying Organizational Behavior topics helps to find out the factor causing the behavior, and helps to apply different strategies to control the critical behavior which harms the organization. Organizational Behavior helps in predicting and controlling Human Behavior.
Organization can adapt to changing external environments and provides an opportunity for employees to acquire either functional or general management skills. Organizational behaviour is based on sociology, as the word organization itself represents social collectivity. The strength of the matrix is that it enables the organization to meet multiple demands form the environment. Authority is based on expertise and the resources one possesses. Unit 5 Attitudes Introduction -Nature of Attitude -Arousal of Attitude -Attitudes and Values -Attitudes and Opinions -Attitudes, Beliefs and Ideology -Attitudes and Prejudices -Characteristics of Attitude -Attitude Formation -Measurement of Attitude -Changing Attitudes -Attitudes and Behavior. This creates an initial division of labor in terms of functions that need to be performed by the organization such as production, sales, engineering, finance, etc In a functional structure, activities are grouped together by common function, from the bottom to the top of the organization. It simultaneously implements both functional and divisional structures.
It is an interdisciplinary field that includes sociology, psychology, communication, and management. It merely sets the context for managerial action. Some of the importance of in any type of organizations is as follows: 1. It can be said that one supplements the other. Objectives are the specific activities that must be completed to achieve goals. In that case, developments in organizational theory led to stronger government regulations and stronger production-related safety mandates. Examine the statement and present your views.