If plans are well designed and communicated for their implementation, it leads to organisational success. To compare the actual performance of the work at different stages with the particulars indicated in the plans and policies. First, a group is different from an individual. Since management has inclusion of all these, it can be called as science. Process of Communication : Communication process is a sequence of activities where message sent is understood by the receiver in its intended meaning.
It is a very important function of management. Leadership is required to manage men and a group. Science is rational and practical approach. Enhance group discussions and activities so that people openly discuss their formal and informal problems. They are cautious when performing the duties in the organization and they know that their supervisors in the organisation are observing them. It is also known as functional management.
Effective planning and implementation play a greater part in high performance than does the amount of planning done. The management is both part of an organization and not part of the organization at the same time. Responsibility is the obligation of a subordinate for the performance of any job allotted by the superior. Thus, management, as such is a process, an activity, a discipline and as effort to coordination, control and direct individual and group efforts towards desired goal of the business. The behavioral science approach concerns the application of the methods and findings of human psychology, social psychology and sociology for the understanding of organizational behavior.
The incentives to be proved may be financial, such as increase in wages, or non-financial, like better working conditions, job security, recognition, etc. A body of interrelated principles dealing with the same subject matter constitutes a theory thus the theory of management consists of a number of principles, duly recognized and systematized and concerned with the management of an organization. Each individual may do his work well. Planning involves selecting missions and objectives and the actions to achieve them; it requires decision making, which is choosing from among alternative future courses of action. To be a successful leader, a manager must possess the qualities of foresight, drive, initiative, self-confidence and personal integrity. The process of control is complete only when corrective measures are taken in the organization. The main activities involved in direction are as follows: a Leadership b Communication c Motivation; and d Supervision.
These should be worked in coordinated manner, for achieving optimum results. It is concerned with conversion of inputs into outputs. It flows in every direction — vertical, horizontal and diagonal. As we move up along the ladder theimportance of administration increases i. Control implies the existence of plans or standards in the organisation. Thus, the science of accounting is not in a finished state.
Note: Mary Parker Follect 1868-1933 was another psychologist, interested in group psychology. This promotes common objectives through coordinated efforts amongst people belonging to different functional departments. It has been rightly said that good managers are good communicators and poor managers are poor communicators. To issue instructions for the staff. Controlling : Controlling The process of leading and influencing the task related activities of group members or an entire organization. Communication is a two-way process as it involves both information and understanding.
Lack of authenticity: Informal communication is not authentic. Formal communication channels spread information over wide geographical areas. . The function of organizing is to arrange, guide, co-ordinate, direct and control the activities of other factors of production, viz. Management is also a social science and thus it has developed a number of management principles from time to time. The primary object of planning is to achieve better results.
Even in a non-business organization managerial functions are the same. The Role of Goals and Plans in Planning Planning is often called the primary management function because it establishes the basis for all other functions. It is just like a map which guides the traveller where he will be if he travels in one direction or another. Goal oriented: Effective management is always management by objectives and also it has no justification to exist without goals. A group functions as one unit in an organization. Every manager in an organization has to perform the staffing function in one form or the other, in order to get things done through others.
Article shared by Definition, Meaning and characteristics of Management. Control without a plan is meaningless because the plan provides the basis or standard of control. Job satisfaction: Exchange of information develops trust, confidence and faith amongst managers and subordinates. These divergent views relating to management have made the task of defining management extremely difficult. It appears like this: 4. To know the delays or interruptions, if any, in the performance of work and trace the cause of such delay or breakdown.
The profession of management, like other professions, requires expert knowledge, training and practical experience. They achieve their goals through production control, inventory control, quality control, and plant site selection and layout. The process of development of the science of management has its roots in the organization of ancient cities, war theatres, irrigation system, maintenance of huge army, etc. It has to be effectively carried out for organisational success. Each manager performs the same functions regardless of his rank or position in the organization. Further, most of the techniques of management accounting are also being used by the cost accountants.