This is a situation of industrial dispute. Their values come into account. Measures in select Oil Mines 6. It is worth noting that during 1982 only 4. .
This layoffs lead to industrial dispute. However, it naturally slows down work progress. As at 1996 Enugu breweries were producing only Star and Gulder. Value conflicts: This is where a person in the conflict bases their position on something that is personal and what they believe in. The most known of these was the , founded in 1945. These are questions sort to be answered by this study. Absenteeism is not always a sign of industrial conflict, since employees can fail to report to work due to injury or illness, for instance.
In any organisation, there must be a great emphasis on mutual accommodation rather than conflict or uncompromising attitude. Greater employee diversity and more groups in the workforce- formal and informal groups. It may also be an extension of the sympathetic strike to express general protest by the workers. Fact conflicts: Fact conflicts are conflicts that can be very easily proved. At times, disputes bring out the causes to the knowledge of the public where their opinion helps resolve them.
Resolution of Conflict : Strategies for Resolution of Conflicts : Some conflicts are relatively minor, easy to tackle, or capable of being overlooked, while others are of greater magnitude, however, require a strategy for successful resolution if they are not to create constant tension. Non payment of entitlement: This can be seen as a situation whereby the management refuses to pay the workers. From the workers point of view, this could be regarded as defeat except when concessions granted in other areas more than compensate for these new changes; if they did then both workers and management usually claim victory. Nature Natural disasters can cause conflict in literature. But if the conflict is merely suppressed, the latent condition of conflict may be aggravated and explode in more serious or violent form at a later date.
According to Akpala 1995 the conflict between the Federal Government and the Academic staff union A. In the case of major work stoppages and those immediately and directly affecting the community welfare such as hospital strike. However, these relations are severed and the employer incurs losses. This will also motivate them to give up their best performance in actualizing organizational goals. Each offers a particular perception of workplace relations and will, therefore, interpret such events as workplace conflict, the role of unions and job regulation differently. Several studies have shown that the bulk of research done on industrial relation has been concentrated on trade union but little or no research has been done in the area of impact of information available Leads 1989, Benson Elung 1998 have not been based on field research.
To Marx , the antagonism between the capitalists and the workers will eventually lead to a change in the mode of production in time to come. Lock-out is common in educational institutions also like a University. Wages and Benefits Compensation and fringe benefits have historically been a key driver of conflict in industrial settings, as companies seek to make necessary cost reductions in periods of low demand for products or services. Measures to Prevent Conflicts : Some of the significant measures to prevent industrial disputes are: 1. Since trade unions refers to the association of workers and employers, the relationship which bring both workers and their employers together is known as industrial relation.
The Vice Chancellor was kept confined in his office chamber. There must be some nexus between the union and the dispute. The effects of these industrial conflicts fall on the citizens who in one way or the other depend heavily on the services of the conflicting organizations. Therefore, the workers a times stop work early, or shows output restriction, boycott, strike, etc simply, because they want to fill their own quota as defined by the group norms or rules. The role that the government can be expected to take in the event of a strike. Grievance or Right Disputes: As the name itself suggests, grievance or right disputes arise out of application or interpretation of existing agreements or contracts between the employees and the management. The critical issue is not the conflict itself but how it is managed.
Impact of Conflict : A Changes that may occur within the groups: i Group cohesiveness increases. Moreover, conflict arises because the needs of all three actors of industrial relations often conflict with one another. The percentage distribution of disputes by causes from 1973 onwards has been shown in Exhibit 2 reveals the following causes of industrial disputes: 1. A stenographer may ignore glaring grammatical errors in what her boss dictates to her since, strictly speaking, her responsibility is merely to transcribe whatever her boss dictates to her. As society wrestled with these massive economic and social changes, labour problems arose. This lead to industrial dispute. Challenges must be anticipated before they arise otherwise reactive actions will compound them and cause more discontent among the workers.