The result was that governmental authority was held by a number of rulers who assumed unto themselves all the responsibilities of political leadership. Petersburg soon became the capital of Russia, and a beautiful Baroque palace, the Peterhof, was constructed. Peter directed the construction of a new capital city on the coast, which he named for his patron saint, St. Thus, the emergence of Baltic trade. Lesson Summary Absolute monarchy was the principle that the supreme authority to run state affairs rested in the hands of the monarch who ruled by divine right.
His ideas allowed Russia to participate in the age Enlightenment under Catherine the Great. He wanted to westernize Russia and bring the state to a more modern era in order to compete with Europe for goods and services. With the end of the Soviet Union in 1991-92, the Soviet Empire collapsed, the Soviet Union collapses, and I guess the only remaining empire in the world is that of the United States, which is a more informal empire, but still one that is out there almost everywhere with the military bases everywhere. Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use. Peter the Great expands territory beyond the Euro mountains along the Caspian Sea at the expense of the Turks.
He remained a fanatically Russian patriot, the father of his people. His mother and her allies among the Boyars, that is the nobles, overthrew the regents in 1689. From the reform in beards we may pass to that of clothes. But he thought that it should be channeled through state obligations, be there taxes or labor duties. Like all of his successors, he dreamed of conquering the Turkish capital of Constantinople, that is, Istanbul, which would have given him control of the Dardanelles Straits there, the passage between Europe and Asia leading to the Black Sea. After they married, in 1762 Peter took control of the throne and Catherine began her plot to take over the Russian Empire. The reality of this type of government was that the king was still influenced by various political and religious groups.
He believed in divine right promoted golden age in Spain. He never could abide ceremony, but loved to be spoke to frankly and without reserve. They own, by the way, 40,000 serfs, own 40,000 serfs, just these 200 to 300 families. After all, the Russian Orthodox churchmen had not been interested in the Renaissance at all, not interested in the scientific revolution at all; and, by 1710, Russian students are being sent abroad to foreign universities, particularly in Italy, but also in France and in England. He was at little or no expense about his person, and by living rather like a private gentleman than a prince he saved wholly that great expense which other monarchs are at in supporting the grandeur of their courts.
It has a long boulevard, the Nevski Prospect, very important in 1917. He organized his own military garrison of boys to wage mock warfare, and used real weapons whenever he could. A ruler incorporating the absolutist philosophy has complete control of his subjects and the highest authority with which to govern. I enlarged Russia's army to 200,000 soldiers. These ornate masquerades and charades that are part of his complexity reveal something about his identity. He first built a navy on rivers using Dutch shipmasters from Amsterdam.
Absolute Monarchy Absolute monarchy, or absolutism, meant that the ultimate authority to run a state was in the hands of a king who ruled by divine right. He visited western places like England and Holland for inspiration. The result was that governmental authority was held by a number of rulers who assumed unto themselves all the responsibilities of political leadership. During his reign, Louis lived a grand and luxurious life style, filled with expensive jewelry among other trinkets , servants, and food. Now, what about Peter the Great? But he did not seem capable of conducting so great a design, though his conduct in his wars since this has discovered a greater genius in him than appeared at this time. In order to control the Russian Orthodox Church, Peter appointed his own procurator, who made all religious decisions based on his requests.
A multi-faceted man, Peter knew what it would take to deliver his people from the chaotic disorder of the past into a more peaceful progressive future. He raises his natural heat by drinking much brandy, which he rectifies himself with great application. He had a passion for fireworks, explosives, cannon fire. Their garments, like those of the Orientals, were very long, reaching to the heel. He goes off and gets the support of the emperor of Austria to wage a war against his own father.
This was a constant trait. Indeed we would gladly believe the legend which has come down to us, that Peter once said, as Osterman records, ''We need Europe for a few decades; later on we must turn our back on it. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts for introductory level classes in modern European and World history. It reminds you of Versailles and it reminds you of the post-Haussman Paris, that is, post 1850s and 1860 Paris. He begins to plot in various ways with dissident Boyars.