If this is so, how come we do not provide our young people with schooling and work? Consequently, in understanding personality we must be aware of the social situation in which the personality develops. In Nigeria, this is important because most of the ethnic groups have been forced to live together due to colonial encounter. About half are college educated, and they are largely middle class. These shared patterns identify the members of a culture group while also distinguishing those of another group. Similar programs existed in the former Soviet Union. Ordinarily though, the goals of the State should take precedence over individual goals and this is why a Chinese couple for instance is expected to have not more than one child, in spite, perhaps of their individual preferences for a larger family. Nigeria family system sometime have their ethnicity law that guide each members of tribal abide to the rules and if any of the family go against this rules it may result to a severe punishment.
With this fear, most of these banks are now turning to major cash centres, that is, they are basically involved in deposits and disbursement of funds without getting involved in long term project financing. Diversity is the spice of life. This question can not be ignored since it has to do with the everyday lives of human beings. They should focus more on creating and managing social media accounts on different social media platforms where political values and norms of Nigeria will be discussed , where citizens wont be passive participants but rather active and responsive participants. Punishment could mean being ignored, whipped, told to go take a time out, go to ones room, not getting the toy one wants etc.
Finally in May of 2010 President Umaru Yar'Adua dies of illness and Vice president Goodluck Jonathon takes charge as acting president. Indeed, the election was characterized by profound excitement after a series of convoluted transition programmes since 1999. More general items also affect our political values. Political socialisation is also an approach to understand the differences in political perspective that exist among constituent. Most people choose what media they are exposed to based on their already existing values, and they use information from the media to reaffirm what they already believe. You cannot ask a human being not to be truthfully to his honest beliefs. However, some media houses in Nigeria are generally used as mouth piece for the government although they are owned by public members.
I believe that we learn most when we are exposed to people from different backgrounds. These are the aspects to be covered in this project. To get and retain a job you must constantly please your bosses and coworkers. In some cultures there was really little or no respect for women. It widely recognized that electoral process among others is the pillar for democracy Grimsley, 2017. In Nigerian society the agencies of political socialization particularly, the political parties have not been effective in mobilizing the citizenry to identify with the symbols and institutions of the political system.
They do these by preserving those cultural values that make them unique. It evident that children socialised into certain ways of thinking and behaving by their families and the schools they attend and also by media especially television. When did you form these opinions, and why did you form them? Families also shape the future political attitude by establishing ethnic values, religious ties, class linguistic and influencing right cultural values. For much of the twentieth century, economic issues seemed more important to many blue-collar workers, so they tended to vote for the Democrats. Each week during the summer of my junior year, I worked with Sanchez's committed team of volunteers. Social media is the new phase of media that has evolved in the 21st century which focuses on social networking which permits users to share information with much level of ease and freedom as well as publish their views on issues that affect them in all ramifications be it political, economic, or social on the world wide web. Have you ever heard someone refer to herself as a 'lifelong Democrat' or 'lifelong Republican'? Tertiary socialisation occurs mainly within adults, and is an ongoing process because individuals are constantly encountered new social situations.
Nigeria is a creation of European imperialism. Conclusion Political socialization has been defined as the long developmental process by which an infant even an adult citizen learns, imbibes and indeed internalizes the political culture core political values, beliefs, norms and ideology of his political system so as to make meaning of the world around him Ofoeze, 2001:13. I will then identify the main agents and give examples then finally explain differential socialisation using gender and ethnicity as prime examples. Sociologists emphasize the social forces that enhance learning or deter it. The Yoruba Kingdom of Oyo was founded in 1400s.
Lastly, key world events, such as wars or other crises, shape our political values. This is the contention of this paper. I personally like to live in a multi ethnic society. Democratisation ideas sweep across the borders even in the most authoritarian states. The process of socialization prepares the biological being to fit into the society and prepares him for the roles he is to play and providing him with the necessary foundation of behavioural patterns, beliefs and values that will make him suitable for integration into the society. The implication is that most Nigerians show greater sentiments, allegiance and loyalty to their ethnic groups, families, kinsmen or religious affiliations, rather than the state country.
School and Peer Influences Next, let's take a specific look at education. Thus, the family unit is seen as a very important agent of political socialization, thir is because the first people that a child comes in contact with are members of his or her family. The National Flag is symbolic and encapsulates the idea of nation building. Every human group passes to their children what they believe would enable them adapt to their world. Whether people are born into a family or create their own by birth or by adoption, all humans learn from their parents or caregivers Kendal, 2013, p.
The most common and important socializing events for many people as they approach or enter adulthood are elections—the time when politics is most salient in national life and during which people forms political identities and establish patterns of behavior that often persist over the life cycle Ofoeze, 2001; Omotola, 2010. From the above conceptualizations of the term social media, we can say that the term has been subjected to various definitions by various scholars who see the term from different points of view but we can still say that all these definitions have certain common ground upon which they stand. Consequently, immediately Nigeria gained her political independence from Britain the colonizer in 1960, nationalism ceased to play any significant role as a strategy of mobilizing the citizenry for national unity. It is up to you to decide what you do with that information. They trend to socialize their children to accept their political ideology. Nation building is defined as the process by which all the inhabitants of a given territory, regardless of individual ethnic, tribal, religious or linguistic difference, come to identify with the symbols, and institutions of the state and share a common sense of destiny Magstadt, 2009:299. Some practical personal illustrations may be very pertinent here.
In the last few decades, though, social issues have taken on new importance, and an increasing number of blue-collar workers have voted Republican. Under this situation, development be it social, political or economic will continue to remain marginal. The mass media is any means of communication intended to reach a general, public audience, but much of our political information comes from television news. Some cause more problems than others, but overall these are the three biggest causes. Public opinions can either be very positive towards our democratic system or very negative towards our democratic system. When members of a given political system are given effective and sustained political socialization, the inevitable result is that over time an identifiable political behavior emerges. Socialization is the purview of several disciplines including psychology, sociology, psychoanalysis and political psychology.