Man made forests will also serve to relieve the reserved and protected forests of their erstwhile economic bur dens which they may no longer be able to sustain in toto. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Long term return is another factor which respites the growers. Social Forestry Wing of this department has also achieved remarkable success towards improvement of environment and elevation of socio-economic condition of the rural mass. At present as a consequence the area covered under w orking plans constitutes about 66 % of total forest area. Most tenures in Canada are volume-based, but new tenure types have been introduced since 1990, often to improve access to forest resources for small- and medium-sized enterprises, and communities.
Evaluations are undertaken for a variety of reasons: to judge the worth of ongoing programs and to estimate the usefulness of attempts to improve them; to assess the utility of innovative programs and initiatives; to increase the effectiveness of program management and administration; and to meet various accountability requirements. About 73% of the people have ownerships rights to the hillsides. Example: Acacia nilotica, Albizia lebbeck, Azadirachta indica, Leucaena leucocephala, Gliricidia sepium, Sesbania grandiflora b Livefence of fodder trees and hedges: In this system, various fodder trees and hedges are planted as live fence to protect the property from stray animals or other biotic influences. In: Fujisaka S, Sajise P, del Castillo E eds Man, agriculture and the tropical forest: change and development in the Philippine Uplands. Performance of the tree crops is better in this system when compared to monoculture.
Urban forestry also envisages the beautification of domestic compounds, roads and vacant lands and the creation of tree groves in towns and cities. Non-commercial farm forestry is the main thrust of most of the social forestry projects in the country today. In 1977, 54 schools scattered in eight districts of Gujarat raised 466 500 seedlings. Hence seedlings can be produced year after year. It concludes that erosion was decreased and biodiversity was improved as a result of social forestry. In addition they should also be given a share from the profits derived from the sale of trees.
Deriving environmental benefits, regulating afforestation, ensuring soil conservation ii. The present forest cover is estimated as less than 4% of the total area. The study focuses on the major issues in current thinking about theory of the social forestry development in Asia. The operations involved in farm forestry- are, on the whole, simple and easy. Under social forestry programme plantation is done in the following types of land: 1.
High Tech nursery, Bamboo nursery, general nursery, Orchid house, natural forest vegetation etc. In general, no extra care is taken and so yield is very low. This scheme is submitted to the Director Horticulture Guwahati. It is not always necessary that the farmer grows trees for , but very often they are interested in growing trees without any economic motive. Biodiversity in agro-forestry systems is typically higher than in conventional agricultural systems. Besides the monitoring of progress in implementations of interventions also progress in carrying out each step in the extension approach will have to be monitored per village. They were planted in village common land, Government wasteland and Panchayat land.
The fast growing tree species for fuel and fodder for Agro-forestry and Social forestry are raised by the farmer and the forestry department assures to purchase the lot with certain benefit to farmer. The preparation of planned scheme to ensure rapid economic growth of large number of poor people without any capital in rural areas needs a different approach. Effective protection of trees, particularly on roadside plantations, can be ensured by the allotment of trees to local individuals. But the green revolution cannot fructify without the farmer achieving his self-sufficiency in fuel, fodder, manure and small constructional timber. Proceedings of the Workshop-cum-Seminar on Social Forestry, February 20 24, 1974, published by the F. Forest farming is also called multi-story cropping. As social forestry is mainly concerned with the production of fuel, fodder and timber so the use of a healthy and quality stock along with the adequate management practices will ensure the greater productivity in social forestry plantations.
International Tiger Symposium, New Delhi, Feb. Social forestry scheme can be categorized into groups : farm forestry, community forestry, extension forestry and agro-forestry. This concept of village forests to meet the needs of the rural people is not new. Agroforestry is one of the important components of social forestry. Even road alignment is changed to avoid felling of trees. Community forestry is a process of increasing the involvement of and reward for local people, of seeking balance between outside and community interests and of increasing local responsibility for the management of the forest resource.
They often question the choice of tree species, monoculture plantations and the actual beneficiaries of these schemes. Trees also supply the raw material for various small and village industries through small timber and minor forest produce. These areas can also support wildlife and provide another source of income. This is a significant loss. B Agroforestry systems in Semiarid and arid lands Examples: Various forms of silvopastoral systems, wind breaks and shelterbelts. Climate Climate means the environmental conditions. Obviously, the answer lies in creating more forest resources immediately through social forestry schemes.
Raising species of more economic value and introduction of exotics iii. Indian Paper Manufacturer's Association is an umbrella organisation of Indian Pulp and Paper Industry which coordinates and drives plantation efforts by member organisations in India. Social forestry scheme was initiated in India to increase fuel availability in rural areas and to prevent soil erosion. Farmers can grow their own timber, fuel and fodder trees along field boundaries and marginal land where cultivation is not practiced. It was then that India embarked upon a social forestry project with the aim of taking the pressure off the forests and making use of all unused and fallow land. The hills are badly degraded and have very low productivity.