Explain how Blake uses imagery, form and language in these poems, and what their content reveals about the times in which they were written and Blake's beliefs. Unfortunately, the career that children were forced into was chimney sweeping, which had a terrifyingly high mortality rate. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths. A little black thing is something not immediately identified as a child, and the fact that it is black means it was dirty and forgotten. So he told me, and made me know the interpretation of the things. When Tom awakens, he and the speaker gather their tools and head out to work, somewhat comforted that their lives will one day improve. In this way their senses trap them in a materialist approach to life and they are unable to experience themselves, including their bodies, as spiritual beings.
The speaker comforts Tom, who falls asleep and has a dream or vision of several chimney sweepers all locked in black coffins. By being taught to be miserable, he gained experience and thus lost his innocence. The author is proclaiming a lesson that cannot be ignored by using this technique to appeal to the audience. This prevents the readers from just flowing aimlessly and carelessly through the poem as if it were a delightful nursery rhyme. The large houses created by the wealth of trade had horizontal flues heating huge rooms which could be cleaned only by a small child crawling through them. His parents have left him alone and are praying in church as if all is well.
The result is two glaringly different poems that goes to prove how very different people are. This, combined with the next line where the child we may assume it is a child at this point states that both his mother and father are up at the church praying point to an institutional condemnation of the church and the condemnation of the parents who abandoned their child. The boy states that his father sold him before he could even speak with ease and as if it were nothing unusual. The message appeared to encourage hopefulness and patience. It is reference to the loss of their lives to the job.
His narrator is also a child, so using a simple rhyme scheme makes sense when a child is speaking. . Looking back at the poem, if Tom is a reflection of a working class of capitalist society, then the angel, the one who persuades him to go to work, is the symbol of a capitalist, their employer. Critiquing social injustice Both Chimney-Sweeper poems show Blake to be a radical critic of the social injustices of his age. Setting : The setting of the poem is set in England, in the nighttime Line 10 Speaker : The narrator of the poem. He learned what it is to be miserable rather than sing and dance joyfully. This liberation, though, comes at a price.
William Blake presents two poems both titled The Chimney Sweeper, but both have a different perspective. In the last line of the poem, a moral has been thrown to us: If all do their duty, they need not fear any harm. Despite these horrible circumstances, he is happy, warm, and full of hope inside as he awaits the day when he gets to live in the exciting land of his dreams. The children in the poem, whose belief is altered, innocently believe that they would be free if they keep working for they have fallen into a false consciousness. And he urged him to take it, but he refused. However, these are two children who are looking forward to their deaths. However, upon further analysis and interpretation, they can be seen as somewhat akin.
The Chimney Sweeper I - Imagery, symbolism and themes Imagery and symbolism In The Chimney Sweeper, Blake uses several images and refers to related ideas with which his contemporaries would be familiar with. Compare The Garden of Love and To Tirzah. To their society, and to themselves, they are sweepers, not children; this is the core of their plight. The loss of innocence is also supported structurally between these two poems, particularly by the rhyme scheme. This relates back to the notion that even if these children may not be visibly miserable in their day to day lives, it does not mean they have been done no harm. There he learned about Gothic styles that he could use for inspiration in his poetry.
Themes The distortion of Christian belief that makes it a means of controlling people's behaviour Blake opposed the way in which he felt the condoned the established social order without questioning it. Thank you for leaving a comment!! Living in the late seventeenth century, Blake saw some hard times; and as such, paints a very non-romantic picture of childhood. Whether from necessity or choice, he has colluded with the system of oppression Attitudes to the body and the life of the senses This connects with Blake's opposition to John Locke. Since the child in this poem blames his parents for his life, unlike the child in the first poem who is oblivious to his situation, the tone is bitter and judgmental of a social and religious system that fails to scrutinize its members for abandoning their children and responsibilities. It had great iron teeth; it devoured and broke in pieces and stamped what was left with its feet. That same night while sleeping Tom saw a wonderful vision. His loss of innocence is caused by the church, the government and his parents.
An angel arrives with a special key that opens the locks on the coffins and sets the children free. Was it a time to accept money and garments, olive orchards and vineyards, sheep and oxen, male servants and female servants? Lamb is believed to be the symbol of innocence. Blake presents the child chimney sweeper as optimistic to suggest that society needs to help the children find freedom so they do not wish to die. The second line quite clearly states that the child is crying miserably, and the author asks what has happened. He wants readers to focus on the content of the poem and not get lost in a complex rhyme scheme.
He also used them as an image of innocence and gentleness. Both allowed young children to be put in harsh and harmful situations without any regard to the well-being of the children. The poem itself has a symbolic meaning: The chimney sweepers symbolize life and its toils, while the soot symbolizes sin. It also refers to the idea that bodies are dead things. Literary Criticism: An Introduction to Theory and Practice. Instead, the sweeps normally relied on the church to support them financially because the injuries and illnesses they received as apprentices disabled them from doing physical labor Nurmi 16.
Unlike the narrator in Songs of Innocence, there is no hope that God will save him. His experience was handed to him when his parents gave him away. For Blake, this was the distorted perspective of humanity. The fact that they are shaving the boys head of his white hair is symbolic of them taking his innocence and purity away. How Blake use pun the language, makes the children subjected and society gives more attention to them. Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.