As Joel Mokyr pointed out in his , any explanation--whether based on or static --that attributes inertia to China's culture falls flat because it does not account for the dynamic of economic growth and technological progress under the Tang, Sung, and Yuan. Also published as Selected Papers, No. It is certainly true that in the post-Roman west European chaos and depopulation, such matters as grand architecture, provisioning large cities, speculating on grain harvests, etc. The same development is likely to have taken place in other industries, I can't be sure without much more research. Household income in the United States, Minimum wage, Poverty 1811 Words 6 Pages The unequal distribution of wealth has always been a huge problem that has plagued society throughout the ages.
An unequal distribution of income generates luxury and import demand at the top and a large supply of cheap labor at the bottom. Yet they may offer psychosomatic relief, and native potions, even if not chemically pure and concentrated, do sometimes work. Yet if only to swim against this broad current, I would like to suggest the picture might be more complicated. Adam Smith remarks that, in commercial countries, there are very few old landed families, while countries in which there is little commerce there are many such families. In 1497 the Portugese also abandoned tolerance towards the Jews. I find myself worried that we might be about to fall into what I think of as the Rostow strap.
Japanese knew they lost the war because the Americans had more industrial output, so they started to work on it. And they were sufficiently disciplined to forego present consumption for future gain. Development studies, Entitlement, Garrett Hardin 1192 Words 3 Pages Woo: The Joy Luck Club In this chapter we are introduced to the Joy Luck Club which originated all the way back in China when Jing-Mei Woo's mother Suyuan was in the city of Kweilin. I write from a serious disadvantage, not yet having read Landes, but much of the discussion seems to stand on its own. And the empirical problem is that if Asian trade in the 17 th and 18 th century grew, European trade in Asia grew much faster. Landes is using this book to sho This book is without a doubt well written, has interesting anecdotes, facts and figures and a humorous tone at times but contrary to the title, it does not explain why some nations are rich and other nations are poor.
Countries of the West, Landes asserts, prospered early through the interplay of a vital, open society focused on work and knowledge, which led to increased productivity, the creation of new technologies, and the pursuit of change. Of course we then have to determine how one tiny part of this system seems to get all the goodies, at least for a little while. I think that my second image--acquired after reading a little too much of Hannah Arendt and Karl Wittfogel--was that of South and East Asia as dominated by water-monopoly empires that are fundamentally hostile to change which may disrupt the power of landlord and priestly elites and that in their control over agrarian infrastructure have the power to make their hostility to change effective. This credit was esential to paying troops and running a war. Now that we are beginning to have a global dialog, maybe we will make some progress on understanding global processes.
Is this an essentialist caricature as Pat Manning would now say too? Developing Nations Chapter 2:Will Globalization Harm Developing Nations? Africa, Developed country, Developing country 1803 Words 5 Pages Poverty The state of being poor; lack of the means of providing material needs or comforts. There is another sense in which an historian who works on the wrong side of the Channel is puzzled. That is the old question raised by Adam Smith, Max Weber, and other titans of modern social thought. This is, of course, a caricature of the very complex picture Professor Landes outlines, but it is one in which what might be called the demography-subsistence interpretation has no place. You will find just the same authority in Adam Smith for the one as for the other. Why did these civilizations evolve to a high level while most of Europe was still primitive? I drowned under Uberprofessor Landes' unceasing high-pressure hosepipe of facts and robust opinion like I was a stubborn fire he was trying to put out.
To sum up, I would not advise to read this book. It was only after the British seized Bengal and land up the Madras coast that they were credible players to the Indian banking community. More broadly, Landes tends to treat religious beliefs and practices as an unchanging block. Cortés tried to conquer this part of America. Contributed by Stuart Gordon Gordonstu aol.
Form of absorption - Turks defeated the Serbs at Kossovo in 1389, Serbs have made reversal of this defeat the loadstone of their national aspirations while the Turks have forgotten it. The Catholic priests who brought the clocks wanted to convert the Chinese to the God of the Roman Church. The town affords a market for the surplus of the country. Supply the mother country trade with a ready-made market to get its industry going and maintain it. This book is an encyclopedia of terms, places, and events.
China and India dominate the population weighted picture. Landes goes about addressing a large controversial topic that no historian has been able to answer, why is some of the world so rich and others so. We ought to push this as far as we can because the question is vital: to what extent do we have a labor force in Europe that responded to market stimuli? The world has never been a level playing field, and everything costs. This book is without a doubt well written, has interesting anecdotes, facts and figures and a humorous tone at times but contrary to the title, it does not explain why some nations are rich and other nations are poor. This is a big book with a big question, perhaps the biggest and most important historians can ask and, if we ever come up with an answer, one that will propel public policy. First published in 1776, the book offers one of the world's first collected descriptions of what builds nations' , and is today a fundamental work in. I suppose it was an advantage for European industry that China as a whole was destabilised, but here I am being more speculative.
Belgium and Britain had coal. Secondly, the wealth acquired by the inhabitants of cities was frequently employed in purchasing lands previously uncultivated. Such an absolute measure should look only at the individual's power to consume and it should be independent of any changes in income distribution. Why do you think that some countries are poorer than others? Production and trade began to atrophy as growing population and income, but also their economic and social polarization, exerted pressure on resources, constrained effective demand at the bottom, and increased the availability of cheap labor in Asia more than elsewhere in the world. Where is the William the Silent of Asia? Capitalism, Cycle of poverty, Poverty 2477 Words 7 Pages most cited economists in the world.
Smith criticizes the system of primogeniture for encouraging a certain class of people to live beyond their means and not contribute to progress through investment and improvement. While geography, climate, and the vagaries of history are factors in the equation, the greatest determinants are in fact human ones: social, cultural, political, and economic attitudes and institutions. The book lacks any structures, and ping pongs from one subject to another. He wins because in the large and usually in the small he has stronger arguments than his intellectual adversaries, who believe that Chinese technology was equal to British until 1800, that had the British not appeared the royal workshops of Mughal India would have turned into the nucleus of an industrialized textile industry, that equatorial climates are as well-suited as mid-latitude climates to the kind of agriculture that can support an Industrial Revolution, that Britain's industrial lead over France was a mere matter of chance and contingency, or any of a host of other things with which Landes does not agree. Rather it's a world economic history that deals with forces centuries, even millennium old. Adam Smith, Economics terminology, Employment 907 Words 3 Pages Chapter Summaries Children of the Sea: 1 Two narrators in which they do not say their names in the book are in love and write to each other.