Armor was not perfect at its role of protection because although it may prevent a stab wound, the force of being struck could still cause bruising and other damage. The flexibility of mail meant that a blow would often injure the wearer, potentially causing fractures or serious bruising. Horses would rarely charge a full head of pikemen, and would typically flee or cause chaos. Apart from armors, protection was largely contributed by shields, which had been used since Prehistory. It was probably used as both a tool and a weapon and many are found in various armories around the world. The shields I have seen in museums were not decorated.
In profile, the blade was usually diamond-shaped, lenticular, or triangular. The effectiveness of the Lantern Shield in real combat is questionable but in the context of walking around a dangerous city at night it does warrant some interesting conclusions. The most common medieval sword variety is the arming sword, which is cruciform in shape and meant to be used one handed. Missiles thrown from the Medieval Trebuchet catapults were deadly. It is of Italian design and it has, at its center, a breech loading match lock pistol. With the introduction of gunpowder, the trebuchet lost its place as the siege engine of choice to the cannon. Like most polearms it was developed by peasants by combining hand tools with long poles: in this case by putting a pruning hook onto a spear shaft.
Lances often shattered on impact, but could pierce through the enemy on the initial charge. Such blades are called glaive-guisarmes. The work was so hot that they often stripped to their braies underwear. The Trebuchet It was during the late 12th century, however, at the height of the Crusades, that medieval military engineering finally caught up with, and, in fact, surpassed its forebears, with the development of a counterpoise, or counterweight siege engine known as the trebuchet. The tower was often rectangular with four wheels and a height roughly equal to that of the wall or sometimes higher to allow archers to stand on top of the tower and fire into the fortification. This shape was effective for piercing armor.
It produces a beam of red light. A good bowman was able to fire twelve arrows per minute, and hit a target in a range of 225 metres. In England siege weapons, including the Medieval Trebuchet, was also known as the Ingenium from the Latin word ingenium meaning ingenious device! Here are some of the different pieces of plate armor and what they protected: Greaves - ankles and calves Sabatons - feet Poleyns - knees Cuisses - thighs Gauntlets - hands Vambrace - lower arms Pauldron - shoulders Breastplate - chest Rerebrace - upper arms Helmet - head Weapons Knights of the Middle Ages used a variety of weapons. The best armor depended on the circumstances too. The necessary proximity of combatants using daggers, or other short-bladed knives, requires a different skill set than sword fighting.
Mattock A mattock is a hand tool, distinguished by the head, which makes it particularly suitable for digging or breaking up moderately hard ground. Any robber or ruffian seeing someone carrying this thing would probably just move on to the next victim. Plate armor was effective against cuts and thrusts, but it was expensive. Spaulders Spaulders are armored plates worn on the upper arms and shoulders in a suit of plate armour. Some knights began to put plates of metal over vital parts of their bodies for added protection. The end of the cutting blade curves forward to form a hook, which is the bill's distinguishing characteristic.
Siege Hook A siege hook is a weapon used to pull stones from a wall during a siege. Thin dagger blades were ideal for this purpose, thus the knights use them increasingly, holding the sword in one hand, and the dagger in the other. Apart from swords, another important weapon were sabres. The counterweight trebuchet arrived in Christian and Muslim lands around the Mediterranean in the 12th century. Stone and rocks were the most common projectiles, but fire was efficient for destroying wooden edifices and garbage and chemicals were destructive in other ways.
The sling would then release the massive stone, sending it hurtling hundreds of yards through space toward the intended target in a high, looping arc. In medieval Europe, they were mostly used by the Franks francisca and the Vikings. The Slavs were in shortage of iron, so they preferred ranged weapons. The suits were heavy and often very uncomfortable, but the metal was able to deflect a lot of potential damage. From the 16th century onward, bows seized to be used, since they were replaced by firearms. These weapons were common to Europe, as the peoples of Asia and Africa had their own assortment of armaments they used when attacking or defending.
It will reemerge in Europe during the Turkish invasion of this area. By shape, it is similar to morning star, the difference being that the morning star had a full bronze or iron head covered in spikes or pyramidal bulges. Longbows were usually as tall as the user, which is how they got their name. What I found was that some wars were easy to get information on, and some have nearly been lost to history. Longswords have lengthy cruciform hilts with grips that provided room for two hands and straight double-edged blades.
Swords and axes were made of steel, but maces, war hammers, and war picks were made of iron or other materials, sometimes lead in the case of … the war hammer. Shields seized to be used as a defensive weapon by the end of 17th century, but continued to be produced as decorative objects. This is a brand new pair of medieval armor gauntlets. Nevertheless, around the beginning of the 16th century, there is an improved way of firing — by a wheel mechanism, and later by a flint. Furthermore, shields being 'undecorated' flies in the face of all historic evidence. Soon renamed the revolver, it is faster to reload than any other firearm, and remains popular today.