The rhetorical purpose is that there is tension created by Socrates in the mind ,and comparing that to society, that there should be tension. The letter is a passionate response to a criticism of the nonviolent protests, sponsored and led by Martin Luther King, against segregation laws in Birmingham. He is rather direct with his audience and points to what they have missed in their statements. In some portions, I was excited for my understanding of his metaphors. King then changes his mind about the term extremist, embracing the idea within the context of Christianity and American history. Through the first ten paragraphs King uses history to set up his credibility. Use of pathos through his biblical examples.
Any law that uplifts human personality is just. Any law that degrades human personality is unjust. If today's church does not recapture the sacrificial spirit of the early church, it will lose its authenticity, forfeit the loyalty of millions, and be dismissed as an irrelevant social club with no meaning for the twentieth century. He reveals that he is the president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization operating in every southern state, with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia. Some forms of inspiration come as passionate love while others appeal as injustice.
This complete solitude gave him nothing else other than to fuel his emotions. He communicates this message very effectively to these men by using examples from the Apostle Paul and King Solomon who were preached about in the churches of the religious leaders. On April 10, Circuit Judge W. Did you indignant the moment that you want to hit someone's face? The letter provoked King, and he began to write a response on the newspaper itself. It does not hold extreme views. Words: 1489 - Pages: 6. Have shattered dreams sort of speak.
King uses juxtaposition to compare the slow rate at which America is leading up to equality. Instead, he embraces and justifies the importance of tension. Purpose: Martian Luther King Jr. He was not trying to obstruct the clergymen, but fairly appealing to them to invite and comfort the African Americans to Birmingham. He was born in Atlanta, Georgia. This sympathetic approach, along with his counter arguments against the people who criticize his methods, helps King convince the audience that his civil disobedience approach is one effective method to convince others that the colored community should not be discriminated against.
King then offers his own criticisms, condemning the white moderate for his passive acceptance of racial inequality, calling him more dangerous than the Ku Klux Klan. The larger implication of this assertion is that moderation and patience must be replaced with action and impatience. This direct statement then takes a turn as he slowly develops the notion that the demonstrations were inevitable and necessary. When these leaders praise the police for preventing violence, they are only concerned about violence against white citizens. Why is it in first person? Again, because he is attempting to engage in dialogue with his fellow clergymen, King reminds his readers that religious moral codes should have a higher status than the laws of the land.
Defines segregation as laws that distort the soul, they are immoral. Just as the prophets of the eighth century B. GradeSaver, 30 July 2014 Web. He knows that comparing the protesters to the early Christians places his critics in the role of the enemies of freedom. In those days the church was not merely a thermometer that recorded the ideas and principles of popular opinion; it was a thermostat that transformed the mores of society.
King has an impressive ability to veer between logos appeal to logic and pathos appeal to emotion , sometimes within the same argument. And yet this address announces his purpose loud and clear: he aims not to attack but to explain. Martin Luther King was a clergyman and a prominent leader in the civil rights movement. According to King, the systemic racism in Birmingham has left the African American community with no alternative to direct action. K used in order to accomplish the persuasion of how segregation affected the blacks was the fact that African children would develop hatred towards the white children over how they were not allowed in the same places. Why was Martin Luther King, Jr. To put it in the terms of St.
He knows how persuasive he can be by using his knowledge of the English language, and he uses this to speak out against people who doubt him clergymen and to incite a different way of thinking into the people in hopes of change. Words: 763 - Pages: 4. That goal determined the tone of the letter. He was arrested for protests of a non-violent nature against racial injustices in Birmingham, Alabama and wrote this letter to the eight Alabama clergymen while in jail. So much thought that I must admit I was primarily mystified by my own emotions. King established his trustworthiness and credibility to a greater extent by mentioning that to the clergymen.
In other words, they should join his cause not only for his sake, but for their own. Alongside the more obvious threats of death, bodily harm, or imprisonment, African Americans suffer from more complex issues like financial uncertainty and a sense of inferiority. However, these words are persuasive and used in the right context. King knew he could not directly argue his beliefs of segregation because the clergymen made clear they were not impressed with anti-segregationists breaking the law. His inspiration for writing the letter was the clergymen's unjust proposals and the letter allowed him to present his rebuttal.