In Beowulf's speeches, there is no hint of the dark future the Geats predict for themselves. Hetware technically, the Chattuarii; here indistinguishable from Frisians; joined with Franks against Hygelac. Far from bringing his spirit down, the tragedies of life have only strengthened his resolve. Then Beowulf tried to defeat a dragon but he failed and died in this try. When he was young Beowulf could even foresee events Hrothgar could not or was not willing to see.
His orders are followed, and it seems his rule is accepted without question. They are all signs that Beowulf was in fact an excellent king, as good a king as he was a hero. However, nothing suggests this war will end in their annihilation. The poem itself, although from a very different time, is also a kind of monument, providing a model of how heroes and kings should behave. Heremod, like Beowulf, was blessed with strength ll.
He believes that he has somehow offended God. The Geats' mourning is deep; they loved their king dearly. If there were no dragon, there would be no opportunity for heroic behaviour, and Beowulf would not be able to win the glory that is represented by the hoard. Wulfgar: A herald of Hrothgar. Beowulf continues to earn respect through these good deeds and as a leader. He came to the king of the danish called Hrothgar.
Eadgils and Eanmund Ohthere's sons, Swedes. However, it is clear that the Geats remember their lord in the most positive way imaginable, and the poet explicitly praises them for this ll. His barrow will remind the generations to come of his greatness. Wiglaf is able to be divided in this way because it is a Germanic dithematic name. They had a feud with their uncle, Onela, and were temporarily sheltered by Heardred.
Final … ly his superhuman strength dies out and he fails his quest. This line is discussed by Taylor who considers it a sign of divine favour. He scanned the room and followed the wall, his weapon in hand with bristling hilts. Hrothgar is a wise man, but since old age has taken away his strength, he can no longer protect his people the way he should. The tribe's fortunes have turned.
Hrothgar on the otherhand has no obligations to other passions, he can simply make being a great king his priority. We know heroes and kings were sometimes deified and worshiped, and that, in the Christian era, pagan gods were often explained away as ancient kings. The qualities that make a good retainer — blind courage and self-sacrifice for the sake of personal glory — are very bad qualities for a king. Adrien Bonjour combined and consolidated the different approaches of Gang and Tolkien to the nature and significance of the dragon. However, as Chase points out, Oswine's desire to shun disgrace and gain glory in battle is not equated with pride, even though in this religious context, the writer could be expected to describe his hero's choice as good, and the other option as evil Chase, p.
Enemies are threatening the Geats from different sides. The importance of generosity is stressed by the speech Hrothgar gives before Beowulf leaves for Geatland. Let him achieve glory before death who may, that is best for the warrior after life ll. He asks Hrothgar to send his armour back to Hygelac should Grendel defeat him, and remarks with a kind of dark humour that he need not worry about a funeral, as Grendel will eat him whole ll. He could not hold on to the treasure but had it buried with Beowulf. His dilemma is between meeting the demands of God, who will not tolerate bloodshed, and the demands of men, his men, who would rather die on the battlefield than walk away from a fight. In the poem, Beowulf arrives in Hygelac's hall an ancient Nordic stronghold and loosely interpreted as a castle for modern purposes and after an interlude where Beowulf reports on his victory over Grendel, and Grendel's monstrous mother, Hygelac gives Beowulf a gold-covered sword, thousands of hides, a hall of his own, and a throne not a title, but a literal throne.
It has been argued that it was this desire for glory that destroyed Beowulf in the end, and that it is possible to be too courageous. His wisdom and restraint helped him prevent wars. Our personal feelings about what makes a good king can easily mislead us. Breaking this bond would be an act of treachery. Wiglaf's speech makes this clear ll. Beowulf dies after battling the great fire wyrm, and is memorialized as a great and powerful king, like Hygelac before him.
Running away from an overwhelmingly powerful enemy is not cowardly, but sensible, by modern standards. In heroic poetry however, winners are not necessarily heroes. He reads in it the workings of Beowulf's mind as he tries to make an impossible choice: the dragon presents a challenge to his authority that demands revenge, but he also has a responsibility to protect his people, which means he cannot sacrifice himself needlessly. Exactly how he understood these rituals or intended them to be interpreted is hard to decide. He begins his song with the moment when King Hnaef of the Danes dies in battle. Hemming: A kinsman of Offa. He returns home where he eventually becomes king.
It does profit the men who owned the treasure originally, by guarding their treasure against robbers and keeping their honour intact, though buried. Not only is Hrothgar successful in the eyes of his own people, but word of his many deeds, such as building the mead hall, travel far. He is the only Geat warrior who doesn't abandon Beowulf on the battlefield and he helps him defeat the dragon. The Queen also generously presents Beowulf with a valuable gold collar. It is fitting that the Geats and the poet behind them should focus on the pain of war now that their beloved lord has died. This conflict was also perceived and commented on by Anglo-Saxons.